It is native to Europe and western Asia. When it’s young, like the photo above, you can eat it like any dandelion. Native thistle provide important habitat and food sources for native fauna. With two active ingredients, Curtail M translocates deep down to the extensive thistle roots for effective above- and below-ground control. Glossy, dark green leaves that look slightly spiky. Palmerston North, 4442, New Zealand, Site map They can grow virtually anywhere from cultivated ground, all kinds of soil and even cracks in concrete. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. Milk thistle is often promoted for its liver … If you need help with plant identification, please contact your county noxious weed coordinator One very important difference is that the True Dandelion rarely grows in big paddocks, as does the False Dandelion. Milk Thistle Protects Your Liver. Both are equally edible and tasty. The plant body looks a lot like bull thistle but sow thistle has a number of small, yellow flowers rather than one bulbous purple or tan flower. However, it can also become abundant in flood plain areas and on wetlands. Also unlike bull thistle stem fibers, sow thistle fibers make poor cordage. Being an annual weed, hawksbeard tends to be more susceptible to herbicides than perennial look-alikes such as dandelion. Dandelions in Finland are known by the collective name Taraxacum officinale, but they should really be spoken about in plural form because they are so diverse, comprised of about 500 micro-species in Finland alone. Stems are erect, unbranched except in the flowers, lined or weakly grooved, and hairless below the flowers. May Be Confused With May be confused with prickly sow thistle (Sonchus asper), common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus), and though shorter, common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). Some authorities believe that populations of Clammy Sow-thistle (Sochus tenerrimus) found in Australia are actually one of these forms of Common Sow-thistle.Common Sow-thistle belongs to a group of mainly yellow-flowered daisies in the Tribe Lactuceae. Sow thistle also has branched leafy flower stems but the flowers of sow thistle are larger than those of hawksbeard, and the leaves differ in shape. Common groundsel produces small, yellow flowers in clusters. Another dandelion look-similar is the sow thistle, Sonchus oleraceus. The leaves change with time, from "chicory" style to a more complex design. Supports weight loss. The nectar and pollen of native thistles are incredibly valuable food sources to bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. They often have that blush at the base and serrated leaves. Removing perennial sow-thistle is tedious and time-consuming. The entire plant must be pulled, and even a small root fragment can regenerate as a new plant. The flowers are similar to the ones of dandelion but they do not grow as single flowers, and they are smaller. “It looks like a giant dandelion. Many insects feed on the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds. However, once the plant sends up a stalk and begins to flower and put off seed, it makes for a quick and easy identification. Sonchus asper, the prickly sow-thistle, rough milk thistle, spiny sowthistle, sharp-fringed sow thistle, or spiny-leaved sow thistle, is a widespread plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. My favorite way to eat sow thistle is to pick and steam the young plants before they've produced any flower buds. Curtail M provides the best in-crop, systemic action with trusted Group 4 chemistry to kill the roots of Canada thistle and other troublesome perennial weeds such as sow thistle and dandelion. That’s because all three versions are tall weeds with yellow, dandelion-like flowers and stems that produce a milky sap. Seeds are small, around 0.1 inches long with ridges on each side. Burdock preparations are widely used in alternative medicine preparations as a laxative and to treat skin conditions. ), field sow thistle (Sonchus arvenis) and dandelion (Taraxacum spp. Dandelions have spiky leaves and only a single flower from the rosette. Posted on March 20, 2013 by vanessa.corriher. Upper leaves are generally unlobed and widely spaced on the stem, though most leaves are confined to the lower half of the plant. Common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance. Fruit: Fruit is dandelion-like plume of dark brown seeds with pure white hairs to carry them off in the wind. Dandelion Lookalike: Sow Thistle Sonchus Oleraceous. Reproducing by seed and from buds on widely spreading, creamy white, brittle, underground roots. Sow thistle has no poisonous look-alikes. Many growers make no distinction at all between perennial and annual sow thistles. To identify dandelion by leaf and stem ONLY, Samuel Thayer wrote the following key that differentiates four different plant greens that can be offered to wildlife patients, cat’s ear (Hypochareis radicata), wild lettuce ( Lactuca spp. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. A pesky weed to some, a treasure trove of medicinal remedies for others, dandelion's use … Flowering can occur throughout the year. In Sow Thistles the flower stems are hollow but branched (so not a Dandelion) with white latex turning orange with time and with glaucous or bright green leafy stems and leaves with auricles. Sow Thistle vs. Dandelion Both are basal rosettes. As for the sow thistle’s botanical name: Sonchus is the ancient Greek name for the plant and means “hollow” referring to the plant’s hollow stem, a point of identification. Thistle Root. Individual flowers are surrounded by green bracts with black tips. The plant has often been described as having a ‘ragged' or ‘scraggly' appearance. top The roots, shoots and young leaves of milk thistle (Silibum marianum) are edible and the plant has some medicinal uses. A problematic plant for agriculture, perennial sow-thistle tends to take over fields and reduce crop yield. Earlier in the plant’s life it will make a kind of basal rosette, which is prior to flowering or putting out seeds, which makes it difficult at first to distinguish between the Dandelion, Wild Lettuce, and Sow Thistle. It garnered its Latin prefix “lac,” which means milk, because of the plant… Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. ). It is rare for a plant to be so common, well-known and vigorously hated as dandelion. The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. Control. Seedlings of the two species ( Sonchus asper & Sonchus oleraceus) are practically indistinguishable, and may be difficult to tell apart even at spray … Wild lettuce (Lactuca virosa), also known as “poor man’s opium” or “Lettuce Opium”, has been around for centuries. Initial animal research conducted in 2016 found that silymarin caused weight … The roots of burdock (Arctium lappa) are a staple of some Asian cuisines. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). Although grazing animals (and butterflies) actually prefer the Sonchus to grass farmers rant about the plant because it’s a weed amongst their crop. Issue Date: Sept 17, 2015 Perennial Sowthistle Weed versus Weed Prickly Lettuce (Sonchus arvensis) (Lactuca serriola) Sow Thistles have the spade-shaped leaves and multiple flowers from each rosette. Can grow up to 1.5 metres Commonly confused with- Dandelion/ Thistle Ease of control- Selective herbicides Speedwell Common names- Sow Thistle/ Milk Thistle Botanical name- Sonchus oleraceus Identifying features- Yellow, dandelion-like flower. Both dandelion and milk thistle are considered herbs for the liver. Share on Pinterest. This one can easily be mistaken for a dandelion when it’s young, but you’ll never make that mistake once the plant matures. Without that piece of information, it could be a primula for all we know. Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. This hardy weed grows up to five feet in height and spreads outwards, occupying areas that are needed by native plants”. Sow thistles have a leaf floret similar to the one of dandelion on the base, but it grows in height later. Wild Lettuce is also known as opium lettuce, bitter lettuce, wild opium, horse thistle, China lettuce and prickly lettuce. I would say it has two main look alikes- either it's close relative, the dandelion, but the difference is that dandelion's leaves all grow flat along the ground, and only have one flower per plant while sow thistle … Lactuca virosa (great or greater prickly lettuce) and Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce) have similar medicinal properties. If we knew whether the sap is clear or opaque white, that would at least place it in (or out) of the lettuce/sow thistle/dandelion group. 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