(For more detailed information, see the entries on Wikipedia:  "Development of Old Testament Canon", and "Deuterocanonical Books". The differences between Catholic/Protestant approaches to the bible is that both camps err by not RIGHTLY DIVIDING THE WORD of TRUTH (2 Tim 2:15), Not true. The Protestant canon follows the Jewish canon which has twenty-four books, but it orders and counts them differently. While Protestant and Jewish Bibles have thirty-nine Old Testament books, the Bible used by Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christians include the thirty-nine books and several additional writings. Naturally enough, these late books, written in Greek, were included not in the original Hebrew Old Testament, but only in the Greek translation of it (called the “Septuagint”). The Bibles of the Eastern Orthodox churches also include these additional books, but they contain still other books, also a part of the Septuagint. Learn why Catholics and Protestants have different versions of the Bible. 39 books are contained within the Old Testament and 27 books in the New Testament. THE BIBLE: THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE CATHOLIC BIBLE AND THE PROTESTANT BIBLE. In addition, the Greek Orthodox, or Eastern Orthodox, Church accepts a few more books as canonized scripture. It is not clear what prompts their arrangement. Protestants removed […] A third difference is the arrangement of the books (see below). Want to learn more? Originally, the King James Bible as well as Catholic Bible had the books from Old Testaments, which are known as the Apocrypha or the Deutercanonicals. Actually, Catholics have eight more books (Tobit, Judith, 1-2 Maccabees, Ecclesiasticus or Wisdom of Ben Sira, Wisdom of Solomon, Baruch and letter of Jeremiah) and two additions (additions to Esther and additions to Daniel), totalling 47 books and two additions. But that term is inexact and conveys a sense that is not very helpful. Hello Lataka, please know that the Catholic Bible IS the TRUE Bible. The main reason for this is because Catholics and many Protestants have different starting points for interpreting the Bible. She points out that she knows that the Catholic Bible has more books, but wonders if the meanings of the words change as well. Thus, the difference is only prevalent in the Old Testament, with 39 books in the Protestant Bible and 47 books in the Catholic Bible. All rights reserved. As the Catholic version includes seven books that the … Then, in A.D. 70, warring peoples almost completely destroyed the sacred structure, which has never been rebuilt. By comparison, the books of the Catholic Bible include all 66 in the previous list plus seven extra books. Both the Jewish Bible and the Hebrew canon in a Protestant Bible (aka Old Testament) contain 39 books, whereas a Catholic Bible contains 46 books in the Old Testament. Moreover, it divides its list of Old Testament books into four (Pentateuch, Historical books, Poetry/Wisdom and Prophets) rather than the three Jewish divisions of the Torah (Pentateuch), Nevi'im (Prophets) and Kethuvim (Writings). EIN: 04-2104698, The Reason Goes All the Way Back to the OT, Protestant Canon Follows the Jewish Canon. Answer: The difference between the Catholic version of the Bible and other translations is that it has additional books contained in the Old Testament that other translations (NKJV, NIV, etc.) – When the Protestant Reformation came along, Protestant scholars were also rediscovering the importance of the original Hebrew Old Testament and of the Hebrew language in which it was written. Almost all Christians believe in the truths found in the Bible, but there are two different lists of what belongs in the Old Testament – the list used by the Catholic Church (and most Eastern Orthodox) and the list used by most Protestants. This follows the practice of Martin Luther (but not Calvin), who considered these books “not equal to the Sacred Scriptures, but useful ad good for reading.”. Away from their Temple and, often, from their priests, the exiled people forgot how to read, write, and speak Hebrew. So now, when an edition of the Bible says "with Apocrypha" on the cover, the extra books from the Septuagint will usually be placed between the Old and New Testaments or at the end of the Bible. St. Jerome saw the Hebrew translation of the Old Testament as the inspired word of God, while St. Augustine accepted a later Greek translation as God’s word. Essentially, the Roman Catholic Church’s denial of sola scriptura and its insistence that both the Bible and tradition are equal in authority undermine the sufficiency, authority, and completeness of the Bible. However, Protestant bibles contain 66 books while Catholic bibles include 73. The Catholic Church is the one which wrote 2 Tim 2:15 and follows the instructions of Scripture, … The Well-Worn Path to Truth Leads to Catholicism, Christmas is a Time to Celebrate the Truth About God, Away in a Manger: St Francis and the Nativity. Early Protestants thought these books did not carry the authority of the other books of the Bible though they were still worth reading. While all Christians have the same twenty-seven New Testament books, they disagree regarding the number of books in the Old Testament canon. A third difference is the arrangement of the books (see below). They include such books as Tobit, Judith, 1 … All of the Deuterocanonical books emerged in the Jewish community in the pre-Christian era. The history of the standing of these extra books is complex and obscure. It might be said that Protestants have a kind of hybrid Bible – the same number of books as the Jewish Bible but the order of books that are in the Greek and Latin Bibles. The Protestant Bible, of which the NIV is one version, is seven books shorter than the Bible used by Roman Catholics. One effect of this interest was a separation of those books that were known to be originally written in Hebrew from those that were not. Sometimes these extra books are called the Apocrypha, a word meaning “secret, hidden,” that is, not intended for public reading. Though their Bibles vary somewhat, they may include: the prayer of Manasseh, Psalm 151, 1 and 2 Esdras, and 3 and 4 Maccabees. Thus, for example, the very first edition of the King James Bible included the Old Testament Apocrypha; but after some Protestants objected, the second and subsequent editions excluded the Apocrypha. For one thing, a scholarly interest emerged regarding the original languages of the Bible and issues of Jewish origin. The difference is in the Old Testament. To give you a quick overview of a complicated subject, here's what happened: Several hundred years before the birth of Christ, Babylonian conquerors forced the Jews to leave Jerusalem. Like the original Hebrew scriptures, the Greek texts, which were known as the Septuagint, were not in a codex or book form as we're accustomed to now but were handwritten on leather or parchment scrolls and rolled up for ease in storage. The Protestant canon has a total of thirty-nine books, and it is calculated by counting as separate books 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles, Ezra-Nehemiah and each of the twelve minor prophets. Some Protestant Bibles now print these extra writings as a block between the Old and New Testaments. In the third century BC, the Hebrew Bible began to be translated into Greek. A Protestant Bible is a Christian Bible whose translation or revision was produced by Protestants.Such Bibles comprise 39 books of the Old Testament (according to the Hebrew Bible canon, known especially to non-Protestants as the protocanonical books) and 27 books of the New Testament for a total of 66 books. The Old Testament of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox traditions are not exactly the same list of writings either! Catholic Exchange is a project of Sophia Institute Press. In 1534, Martin Luther translated the Bible into German. While Protestant and Jewish Bibles have thirty-nine Old Testament books, the Bible used by Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christians include the thirty-nine books and several additional writings. It is said that the Old Testament was written in Hebrew language, whereas, the disciples of Jesus wrote the New Testament in Greek. The Roman Catholic Old Testament contains seven extra books, plus additions to the books of Esther and Daniel. In addition, the Greek Orthodox, or Eastern Orthodox, Church accepts a few more books as canonized scripture. Protestants call the same books 'the Apocrypha'. They were in response to different needs or situations and had purposes … Since the books themselves were no secret, the word seemed ironic or, perhaps, prophetic because, in 1947, an Arab boy searching for a lost goat found, instead, the Dead Sea scrolls, hidden in a hillside cave. The New Testament however, has 27 books in both. Appreciate these answers? Catholic and Protestant Bibles? That is the Protestant problem and one which you have inherited. They help fill out the story of the Jewish community during this time. These differences among existing Bibles stem from the complex history of how our Bible came to be the way it now is. In early Protestant Bibles, the Deuterocanonical books had been placed together in a separate section between the Old and New Testaments. One should note that the Bible is not just one book; it is a collection of books from writings to historical events. While all 66 books found in Protestant Bibles are also found in the Catholic Bible, the Catholic Bible also contains other books, and additions to books. In this short essay we will briefly cover the differences between the Catholic and Protestant Bibles and the reasons … We go through the history of how the bible was changed to a Protestant Bible. The Protestant Old Testament contains 39 books, while the Catholic Bible contains 46 books. Protestants call them apocryphal books. But later copyists neglected or omitted his prefaces, and pretty soon Jerome’s whole Latin translation was considered of equal authority. As to why the Catholics have more books, it is a matter of ecclesiastical history. The differences between Protestant and Catholic translations of the Bible are in the Old Testament or Hebrew Scriptures. Today’s difference in Bibles is that the Catholic Church accepts seven additional Old Testament books of the Bible (Tobit, Judith, Wisdom, Ecclesiastes, Baruch, First and Second Maccabees) and parts of two others (Esther 10:14 to 16:14; and Daniel 3:24- 90; 13; 14). Although some debate occurred about which Gospels or Epistles should be included, all Christians eventually accepted all of the same 27 books in the same order. Get started with Bible study here. So, as long as you choose an edition that does not add explanatory notes opposed to a Catholic perspective, any reputable translation of the New Testament is fine. The view of Scripture is at the root of many, if not all, of the differences between Catholics and Protestants. Both the Jewish Bible and the Hebrew canon in a Protestant Bible (aka Old Testament) contain 39 books, whereas a Catholic Bible contains 46 books in the Old Testament. The book of Baruch, the secretary of Jeremiah, follows Lamentations. Eventually, the Jewish exiles were allowed to return to Jerusalem where they renovated the Temple. What is the difference between . We have to go back in history to explain why. By then, however, the earliest Christians spoke and read Greek, so they continued to use the Septuagint or Greek version of the Bible for many centuries. The Protestant Bible consists of 66 books which are considered to be divinely inspired. For the New Testament, it's a different story — and short. Some Protestants use Bibles … The New Testament canon of the Catholic Bible and the Protestant Bible are the same with 27 Books. If not, why? After the Reformation though, some Christians decided to accept translations into Latin then English only from the Hebrew texts that the Jewish Bible contained, so the seven additional books in the Greek translation became known as the Apocrypha, meaning "hidden." The books of the Bible were written as individual books or writings. Here's what you need to know about the difference. The Catholic Bible contain the 73 Books of the original Canon which the early Church (4th century) included as part of the Bible. do not. In addition, the Greek Orthodox, or Eastern Orthodox, Church accepts a few more books as canonized scripture. Later on, when St. Jerome translated the whole Bible into Latin (the common language of the Western Roman Empire), he translated the Greek New Testament and the original Hebrew Old Testament into Latin, and then also translated the Greek “Apocrypha” into Latin with prefaces indicating that they were not part of the original Hebrew Old Testament. We looked at some of these matters earlier. Catholic Bibles already contained those books, however, so you'll find them interwoven with other Old Testament books of history and wisdom writings.Â. The reasons are complex. They are Tobit, Judith, 1 Maccabees, 2 Maccabees, Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus and Baruch. Other factors were at work as well, such as the theological perspective that was present in some texts of the extra books. The Roman Catholic Bible contains seven books that do not appear in most Protestant Bibles. The Protestant and the Catholic bibles are different from one another today. The Catholic Bible contains a total of 73 books, 46 in the Old Testament (Protestant Bibles have 39) and 27 in the New Testament (the same as Protestant Bibles). It was rather a recognition that they were considered canonical at a subsequent stage. These added books in the Catholic Bible are known collectively as the Apocrypha. The Protestant canon contains 7 fewer books than the Catholic canon. Catholic and Orthodox Bibles The Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches did not follow the Protestant revisions, and they continue to base their Old Testament on the Septuagint. Interestingly, the leather scrolls had been carefully wrapped in linen cloth, coated in pitch, and placed in airtight pottery jars about ten inches across and two feet high where, well-preserved, they remained for many centuries. Question: What's the difference between a Catholic Bible and a Protestant one? The primary difference between the Catholic Bible and the Protestant Bible is to be found in the Old Testament. Both the Jewish Bible and the Hebrew canon in a Protestant Bible (aka Old Testament) contain 39 books, whereas a Catholic Bible contains 46 books in the Old Testament. A caller named Jackie asks if the Catholic Bible should be interpreted differently from the Protestant Bible. Catholics call the books included in the Catholic Bible and not the Protestant Bible the deuterocanonical books. into Greek. The basic reason is that the Protestant leaders chose to accept only the books of the Old Testament accepted as canonical in Judaism, which they assumed was the Bible used by Jesus and the earliest Christians. The Protestant Bible and Catholic Bible are not the same book. • One remarkable difference between Catholic Bible and King James Bible is the content. It is comprised of two the COMPLETE Old Testament and the New Testament. While all 66 books in Protestant Bibles are found in the Catholic Bible, the Catholic Bible includes other additional books known as the deuterocanonicals/Apocryph. In the Catholic faith, one of the big reasons we accept these books as canon is because of the authority we assign to the Septuagint. Our difference lies in the contents of the Old Testament where we have Tobit, Judith, 1 and 2 Maccabees, Wisdom, Sirach, Baruch and additions to Esther and Daniel. Why are Protestant and Catholic Bibles different? 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