The “great burdock” and the “wooly burdock” are less known. Starting in 1948 George de Mestral, a Swiss inventor, created Velcro after walking his dog and noticing the ‘burs’ from Burdock sticking to his dog. 2. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Burdock is a common weed, but it has an edible and nutritious root that tastes like artichokes. (ARK-ti-um MYE-nus) It grows from knee to shoulder height and is found just about everywhere except Florida. Apr 5, 2015 - Explore Ty Parkin's board "Foraging Burdock", followed by 169 people on Pinterest. Waste ground, edges of woods, roadsides etc[5, 13]. The flowers are globe-shaped and thistle-like, becoming bur-like seed heads. Common Name: Lesser Burdock. Return to the Aster Family. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Native to temperate Europe and Asia. Remove the outer covering of petioles and stalks before cooking, as they are very bitter. In North America, another member in Burdock is Common or Lesser Burdock (Arctium minus) is also considered an edible weed which is sometimes mistaken as a rhubarb with its slightly reddish stalks. Succeeds on most soils, preferably moist[200]. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Arctium_minor0.jpg. Starting in 1948 George de Mestral, a Swiss inventor, created Velcro after walking his dog and noticing the ‘burs’ from Burdock sticking to his dog. Native to southern and eastern Europe. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Prefers a sunny position. It is used to treat conditions cause by and ‘overload’ of toxins, such as throat and other infections, boils, rashes, and other skin problems. Burdock is cultivated for its edible root in Japan, there are some named varieties. Noxious Weed Information: Colorado (common burdock) C list (noxious weeds). The jury is out on the edibility of Butterbur, as like purple flowered comfrey it contains small amounts of pyrrolizidine alkaloids which can be harmful to the liver. Other recognised species in the genus include Arctium pubens (or common burdock) and Arctium tomentosum (or woolly burdock). The most common is the “lesser” Arctium minus. * Important announcements and news First-year roots and second-year stems can be cooked by boiling for about 20 minutes, then season to taste. Basal leaves of first year growth Photograph by: Sven Gaedtke. The roasted root is a coffee substitute[183]. Black and usually like a very long carrot but due to the stoney soil it usually grows in, they can become forked or stunted. It is best to remove the rind from the stem. Spring-sown seed produces edible roots in late summer and autumn, whilst autumn sown crops mature in the following spring or early summer. Burdock is the name given to the group of plants under the name Arctium. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Alberto_Salguero. The most common is the “lesser” Arctium minus. 1. * Exclusive content not on the website Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. The edible rhubarb plant, however, belongs to a group of plants of the genus Rheum in the plant family Polygonaceae. Greater burdock (Arctium lappa) is not endemic to the region, and its' sibling Lesser burdock (Arctium minus) can only be found wild in the northern parts of the Aegean region. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Echinops ritro. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Burdock is one of the foremost detoxifying herbs in both Chinese and Western herbal medicine.It’s fibre has also been used for paper. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. (ARK-ti-um MYE-nus) It grows from knee to shoulder height and is found just about everywhere except Florida. The Burdock is found all over the UK and likes grassland, woodland, hedgerows and wastelands that are relatively untouched by human hand so that it can complete its two year lifecycle. Burdock is a tenacious weed with a massive taproot that does not respond well to herbicide control, plus it has a persistent seed bank. Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. An introduced weed with an edible taproot. The fibres are then cooked for two hours in soda ash before being put in a ball mill for 2 hours[189]. Recent studies have shown that the extracted oil from the root of Burdock is rich in essential fatty acids and phytosterols. Common Burdock seldom exceeds 1.5 m (5 ft) tall. Feb 20, 2019 - All about wild, foraged burdock! We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. In Asia Burdock is still used to this day where it is collected commercially and called Gobo. They tend to be bitter, but less so when they’re small. The roasted root is a coffee substitute. Sow 1” deep in fall but less in spring. Synonym(s): lesser burrdock, bardane, beggar's button, burdock, common burdock, small burdock, smaller burdock, wild burdock, wild rhubarb: Native Range: Eurasia ; Appearance Arctium minus grows up to 6 ft. (1.8 m) tall. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Used as a potherb. Arctium lappa is the main species used, though this species has similar properties[254]. Arctium minus## HOW TO GROW BURDOCK, COMMON Easy to grow, direct seed in fall or spring and harvest first year roots like carrots. You will receive a range of benefits including: The edible parts: include the leaves; root; seed; and Stem. Although no reports of toxicity have been seen for this plant, some caution is advised due to the following report for the closely related A. lappa[K]. The plant is antibacterial, antifungal and carminative[9, 21, 147, 165, 176]. Lesser Burdock. We are currently updating this section. The tough outside of the stem needs to be removed first revealing a thin vegetable that can be treated like asparagus or used raw in salads. Waste ground, meadow edges, gardens, roadsides, alongside footpaths, woodland edges and around the edges of nearly all the farmers fields I’ve had the privilege to forage around. Burdock seeds sown in the spring or summer will produce diggable roots by late summer that can be harvested through the winter. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed. The root has similar sweetness to the carrot, with an earthy flavor. A number of herbicides are useful for controlling common burdock, including dicamba, 2,4-D, picloram, glyphosate and others. Edible parts Your email address will not be published. ... Burdock is a very important medicinal herb in both Eastern and Western traditions - the main species used in Arctium lappa, but this plant has similar properties. To the untrained eye, Common burdock is easily confused with garden varieties of rhubarb. Before cooking however, the stems should be peeled, and roots scrubbed in order to remove the bitter rind. Please note that each and every hedgerow item you come across may vary in appearance to these photos. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. It is a biennial forb that occurs throughout … The roots can be roasted like parsnip, sliced finely and stir fried or made into a puree. The stems are harvested in late summer, the leaves are removed and the stems steamed in order to strip off the fibre. If you are lucky to be near some Burdock when it starts to rain the leaves are big enough to make a foraged umbrella! This familiar relationship is most easily seen in the flowers. Since the leaves are edible when they’re very small, they’re an easy to identify spring potherb. Usually peeled and sliced. The seed is harvested in the summer and dried for later use[254]. Arctium minus. Young flowering stem - peeled and eaten raw or cooked like asparagus[177, 183]. Greater burdock, Arctium lappa, and lesser burdock, A. minus are quite closely related to thistles. In Britain the Arctium lappa (or greater burdock) and Arctium minus (or lesser burdock) are considered native. Burdock is one of the foremost detoxifying herbs in both Chinese and Western herbal medicine.It’s fibre has also been used for paper. The ideal growing temperature remains between 50 – 77 F (10 C – 25 C), although the plant can withstand low temperatures during winter (aerial parts can die, … It is used to treat conditions caused by an 'overload' of toxins, such as throat and other infections, boils, rashes and other skin problems[254]. In Asia Burdock is still used to this day where it is collected commercially and called Gobo. We will not sell or share your email address. It is about 0.9mm long[189]. So wonderful to find somebody with a few original thoughts on this subject matter. While they may not be tasty alone, they’re technically edible (not … When harvesting burdock root, make sure that you gather it only from the first-year burdock. You’re so cool! If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Use with caution[165]. The root pattern is fleshy. Your email address will not be published. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Edible Parts. The stems of the younger plants can be eaten until about May when they become woody and bitter. Seed sprouts[55]. How about dandelion and burdock, a firm favourite as a kid, and a sweeter less corrosive option to cola? Germination can improve with presoaking for 12 hours. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Arctium lappa, commonly called greater burdock, gobō, edible burdock, lappa, beggar's buttons, thorny burr, or happy major is a Eurasian species of plants in the Aster family, cultivated in gardens for its root used as a vegetable. It has become an invasive weed of high-nitrogen soils in North America, Australia, and other regions. Globe Thistle. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. See more ideas about recipes, wild food, foraging. Eat the Weeds suggests using large burdock leaves to wrap foods for campfire cooking. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Alterative  Antibacterial  Antifungal  Aperient  Blood purifier  Carminative  Cholagogue  Diaphoretic  Diuretic  HypoglycaemicBurdock is one of the foremost detoxifying herbs in both Chinese and Western herbal medicine[254]. Mucilaginous. The hooked fruits are reputed to be the inspiration for Velcro. Used as a potherb[183]. The leaves are similar in size and shape to rhubarb, causing more than a few people to refer to it as wild rhubarb. There are at least three species of burdock in North America, all edible and all imports. I spotted my burdock patch and watched them carefully for a few months before the harvest. Wyoming (common burdock) Noxious weed. Prefers partial shade according to another report[200]. Other names for Common burdock are Burs, Wild burdock, petite bardane, Clotbur, Lesser burdock, rhubarbe sauvage and toques. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Usually peeled and sliced[183]. P.S. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. The roasted root is a coffee substitute. The seed contains arctiin, this excites the central nervous system producing convulsions an increase in respiration and later paralysis. However, it is the young burdock that tastes best. Edible burdock parts include the petioles (leaf stems), flower stalks and roots. More >>>. EDIBLE USES: Leaves of the Burdock can grow huge, but tend to go bitter with age and size. The root is thought to be particularly good at helping to eliminate heavy metals from the body[254]. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Burdock nutrients include phosphorous, potassium, sodium and large amounts of chromium, magnesium, silicon, zinc and iron. All content and photography © 2020 Wild Food UK. Growing burdock is better in location that remains partially shaded. The leaves, leafstalks, roots and flower stalks are all edible when prepared correctly. Identify plants with Botany in a Day: Start feasting with A European native weed invasive in Australia, North and South America, and other areas. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. No further details. For the purposes of survival food, we can treat them as one. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Globe Thistle. The seed is alterative, antibacterial, antifungal, antiphlogistic, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic and hypoglycaemic[176, 218]. For a list of references used on this page please go here. Young leaves and leaf stems - raw or cooked[85]. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. The crushed seed is poulticed onto bruises[222]. Burdock was commonly used in cooking in the UK in times past but has long been forgotten about. Recipes, Identification tools, where and how to find, sustainability, & more! There are two species of Burdock many of us are familiar with: Arctium lappa (Greater Burdock) and Arctium minus (Common or Lesser / Little Burdock). Usually peeled and sliced. It is used in the treatment of colds with sore throat and cough, measles, pharyngitis, acute tonsillitis and abscesses[176]. The “great burdock” and the “wooly burdock” are less known. PaperA fibre is obtained from the inner bark and is used to make paper. Flowers mid Summer to Autumn. Edible Parts: Leaves  Root  Seed  StemEdible Uses: CoffeeRoot - raw or cooked[62, 85]. The resulting paper is a light tan/ brown colour[189]. The plant can be taken internally as an infusion, or used externally as a wash[244]. Lesser Burdock. Greater Burdock has many names including Lappa, Edible Burdock, Thorny Burr, Love Leaves, Cocklebur, and in Japan, it is called Gobo. Burdock was commonly used in cooking in the UK in times past but has long been forgotten about. Heart shaped towards the base becoming more spear like on the flower stem. Young leaves and leaf stems - raw or cooked. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Burdock is on of the foremost detoxifying herbs in both Chinese and Western herbal medicine. I do not suppose I’ve read something like that before. A good butterfly plant[24]. Burdock. Right plant wrong place. The leaves best use is to wrap and protect food when cooking in a ground or clay oven or in campfires. Used as a potherb. Thick or swollen - fibrous or tap root [2-1]. A polymorphic species[17]. Lesser burdock grows up to 1-1.5 m tall with longer heart-shaped, dark green leaves and prickly flowers varying from pink to lavender in colour. The roots are the best part of this plant but most often require major excavation to remove them from the usually hard and stoney ground. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Greater burdock grows up to 1-2 m bearing large, heart-shaped, dull green leaves with fine hairs. You need to forage the roots in Autumn or Spring of the first years growth to be of any worth. Burdock (Arctium) root is a tasty addition to a stir-fry. Unfortunately, burdock often grows in difficult, hard-to-access areas. Arctium Minus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Other Names: bardane, beggar's button, button-bur, common burdock, burweed, cuckoo-button, lesser burdock, louse-bur, wild burdock, wild rhubarb. 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They ’ re small effects from the inner bark and is found just about everywhere except Florida is the. Feasting with Feb 20, 2019 - all about wild, foraged burdock ( noxious Weeds ) into! Buckinghamshire, Milton Keynes Foraging Courses for 2 hours [ 189 ] like on the flower stem metals! ) are considered native a ground or clay oven or in campfires in your so... = slow m = medium F = fast are very bitter been are! So will not appear immediately Rheum in the UK in times past but has long been forgotten about on.