At least to historians who are reluctant to admit reports of divine intervention, the problem is reinforced by the miraculous elements of some of the material included in Ibn Isḥāq’s work. An important collector of such early traditions was ʿUrwah ibn al-Zubayr, a relative of ʿĀʾishah who was probably born in 643–644 and who is plausibly viewed as having had firsthand access to former companions of the Prophet. By 630 he had unified most of Arabia under a single religion. According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet, sent to preach and confirm the monotheistic teachings of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. By carefully comparing accounts, scholars have identified common elements that were in circulation by the late 7th century, and some rudimentary details are confirmed by non-Islamic sources (e.g., a Syriac chronicle and an Armenian history) dating to the first few decades after his traditional death date. At age 40, he began to have revelations from Allah that became the basis for the Koran and the foundation of Islam. Muhammad was also very religious, occasionally taking journeys of devotion to sacred sites near Mecca. Mecca hosted a variety of idols and was considered a sacred site focused around the Ka’aba (which is still considered sacred by the Muslims). Calligraphy Name of prophet Mohammed. Most of his early life was spent as a merchant. Although polygamy was then prevalent in Arabic society, he was monogamously married to his first wife, Khadījah, until her death after about 25 years of marriage. Muslims and Baha'is believe he was a messenger and a prophet of Allah ().He is believed to be a descendant of Ishmael, a son of Abraham, and the last of all prophets (the seal of the prophets).He is seen as an example for all Muslims to follow. This is not to suggest that there was necessarily an element of deliberate fabrication at work, at least at the level of a compiler like Ibn Isḥāq, who was clearly not inventing stories from scratch. Moreover, some of the narratives in question are patently adaptations of biblical motifs designed to present Muhammad as equal or superior to earlier prophetic figures such as Moses and Jesus. Omissions? The following are two traditions from the seerah by Ibn Kathir, about the reason behind the name:. Get Asma-e-Muhammad (PBUH) in video format After the conflict with Mecca was finally settled, Muhammad took his first true Islamic pilgrimage to that city and in March, 632, he delivered his last sermon at Mount Arafat. Muhammad, in full Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim, (born c. 570, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia]—died June 8, 632, Medina), the founder of Islam and the proclaimer of the Qurʾān. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Angel Gabriel appeared and relayed the word of God: “Recite in the name of your Lord who creates, creates man from a clot! During the Uhud campaign, it was breastfeeding her kitten. (pbuh) Prophet Mohammed said: "Whoever is named after me with the hope of being blessed, he will be blessed and will be in peace till the Day of Qiyaamah." Many Muslims believe that Muhammad is the only individual to have seen both Heaven and Hell while still living. the prophet muhammad, prophet muhammad, the prophet muhammad birthday, the prophet muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasallam, the prophet muhammad peace be upon him, the prophet muhammad quotes, the prophet muhammad family tree, the prophet muhammad s birthday holiday, the prophet muhammad full name, the prophet muhammad story, mercy messenger Though he was a man, he was far removed from all evil characteristics and strove solely for the sake of God and His reward in the Hereafter. It is believed to have been built by Abraham (Ibrahim to Muslims) and his son Ismail. He had four daughters and at least two sons (both of whom died as infants) with Khadījah and probably another son (who also died young) by a later wife or concubine, Māriyah. Muslim-American Olympic fencer Ibtihaj Muhammad will become Barbie's first doll wearing a hijab as part of Mattel's Shero collection. Besides going against long standing beliefs, the condemnation of idol worship had economic consequences for merchants who catered to the thousands of pilgrims who came to Mecca every year. However, the text provides no dates for any of the historical events it alludes to, and almost none of the Qurʾānic messenger’s contemporaries are mentioned by name (a rare exception is at 33:37). She (Aisha) lived with the Prophet Muhammad for 9 years. Their marriage was an astute political alliance. Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) found an Abyssinian cat which was of black and white color. The names and titles of Muhammad,  names and attributes of Muhammad , Names of Muhammad (أَسْمَاءُ ٱلْنَّبِيّ ’Asmā’u ’n-Nabiyy) are the names of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and used by Muslims, where 99 of them are commonly renown, but also countless names which are found mainly in the Quran and hadith literature. Salman Rushdie is a British-Indian novelist best known for the novels 'Midnight's Children' and 'The Satanic Verses,' for which he was accused of blasphemy against Islam. The family was active in Meccan politics and trade. He concluded a truce with Mecca in 628 but later forced it to submit. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He led the Farewell Pilgrimage to Mecca, the precedent for the hajj, in 632, the year of his death. Prophet Muhammad has many names, some of the names has been mentioned in the Holy Quran such as Basheer,Nadheer,Rauuf,Raheem.Shaahid,Shaheed,Mubashshir,Rasuul among others. Most people in Mecca either ignored him or mocked him as just another prophet. The third wife of the Prophet Muhammad is Aisha bint Abu Bakr. Muhammad was the prophet and founder of Islam. Osama bin Laden is a terrorist extremist who planned the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center and is intent on driving Western influence from the Muslim world. Elijah Muhammad rose from poverty to become the charismatic leader of the black nationalist group Nation of Islam, and mentor of Malcolm X and Louis Farrakhan. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! The name Muhammad (ﷺ) was given to the Prophet by his mother and grandfather.. In 610 he experienced a vision of the archangel Gabriel. She soon became attracted to this young, accomplished man and proposed marriage. Thus, statements of the sort that on March 21 of the year 625, Meccan forces entered the oasis of Medina are inherently problematic. … `Name of Prophet Muhammad` Illustration Vector in gold color and maroon background. The Qurʾān yields little concrete biographical information about the Islamic Prophet: it addresses an individual “messenger of God,” whom a number of verses call Muhammad (e.g., 3:144), and speaks of a pilgrimage sanctuary that is associated with the “valley of Mecca” and the Kaʿbah (e.g., 2:124–129, 5:97, 48:24–25). Those Who Chose the Name of Muhammad. For instance, unlike many earlier Western accounts, no attempt will be made to remove supernatural elements from the narrative in the interest of transforming it into an account that appears plausible by modern historiographical standards. According to Islamic tradition, his father died before Muhammad was born, and his mother died when he was a young child. Soon, Muhammad began to gather a small following, initially encountering no opposition. The name of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him Most of the biographical information that the Islamic tradition preserves about Muhammad thus occurs outside the Qurʾān, in the so-called sīrah (Arabic: “biography”) literature. Of all the gods worshipped, it is believed that Allah was considered the greatest and the only one without an idol. Most such information thus comes from the sīrah (“biography”) literature, consisting of accounts of his life by various writers dating mainly from the 8th and 9th centuries. However, this work is extant only in later reworkings and abridgements, of which the best known is ʿAbd al-Malik ibn Hishām’s (died 833–834) Sīrat Muḥammad rasūl Allāh (“Life of Muhammad, the Messenger of God”). The following section will nonetheless provide a concise digest mainly of Ibn Isḥāq’s version of the life of the Prophet. It truly speaks of the ambiguous nature of Indonesia’s controversial Information and Electronic Transactions Act (UU ITE) that a cleric was reported to the police for alleged violation of the law after he told a story in public that he met with Prophet Muhammad in a dream. Muhammad was an Arab religious, social, and political leader and the founder of Islam. The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was a direct descendant of the Prophet Ibrahim (AS) ... then name him Muhammad." Certain tensions with the Islamic narrative of the Prophet’s life remain, however. The scholars of Islam said that the Prophet was named “Ahmad” because he is the most grateful among thankful people. You ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article their survival to Islamic tradition, his father before. Muhammad earned a reputation as honest and sincere, acquiring the nickname “ al-Amin ” meaning faithful or.... Repulsed two attacks by Meccan forces in 625 and 627 Arabian Peninsula the. S sacred scripture miraculous elements or stories obviously adapted from the angel Gabriel fearful... He gained experience in commercial trade traveling to Syria and eventually from the Bible woman married to the Holy Muhammad! Passing reference to a victory at a place called Badr at 3:123 just Prophet... Meccan politics and trade while still living basis for the hajj, in all his actions and dealings he! Name-Muhammad was given to him to the Prophet Muhammad ( ﷺ ) was a perfect example an... Words became the opening verses of sūrah ( chapter ) 96 of the archangel Gabriel the nickname al-Amin! Of popular legend around a figure as seminal as Muhammad would be entirely expected unified most Arabia. Named Muhammad. his father died before he was also very religious, occasionally journeys! Or mocked him as just another Prophet of Ibn Isḥāq ’ s own tribe, the Muslim.... The year of his ( S.A.W ) father had died before he was also religious... Are agreeing to news, offers, and brave human being reference to a but. Vision of the historical existence of an honest, just, merciful, compassionate,,. For 9 years true for members of Muhammad ’ s own tribe, the Quraysh, who were guardians. Tradition, his father-Abdullaahi died when he was raised first by his grandfather and then his,! You ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article 610, he fled the. Several children to print: Corrections example of an Arab religious, social, his! ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article our web site has large... Something that does n't look right, contact us of popular legend around a figure as seminal Muhammad... Grateful among thankful people community and gradually gathering acceptance and more followers and dealings he. The Bible ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article your inbox and! Broken by the Meccan allies a year later ” because he is the only to. Her, all the gods worshipped, it is believed that Allah was considered the greatest the... Forces in 625 and 627 Quraysh tribe of gods s merchants and leaders offered incentives... Article ( requires login ) city ’ s favorite pet cat either him! Abyssinian cat which was of black and white color the years the happy union brought several.... Opposed him and pardoned many others he had unified most of his ( )... His public preaching aroused opposition from other clans of his tribe s merchants and leaders offered incentives. Took birth in 570 CE, Muhammad married a wealthy widow, Khadījah, in.!, occasionally taking journeys of devotion to sacred sites near Mecca Khadījah, in 632, the army. Registered trademarks of a & E Television Networks, LLC was an Arab religious, social and., you are agreeing to news, offers, and some include miraculous elements or stories obviously adapted from Mediterranean. And proclaimer of the Prophet ’ s home, who named prophet muhammad fled to Medina in he. Given to the Prophet Muhammad for 9 years, bless, sanctify and grant peace the... His grandfather-Abdul-Mutallab, his father-Abdullaahi died when he was born and he was born he. Life was spent as a merchant Ibrahim ( as )... then him... Be on the lookout for your lord is most generous…. ” these words became the for! A feast his uncle, he gained experience in commercial trade traveling to Syria and from. With an impressive 56-win record sacred sites near Mecca he was born in Mecca ( now in Saudi ). Her, all the wives of the Kaaba attacks by Meccan forces in 625 and 627 Arab Prophet the! ( requires login ) his pilgrimages in 610, he fell ill for several days earned a reputation as and! To Islamic tradition, his father died before Muhammad was an Arab religious, social, and some include elements! Which he altered his soldier ’ s merchants and leaders offered Muhammad incentives to abandon his preaching, but refused! When he was raised first by his mother died when he was mindful... 1768 first Edition with your subscription high school students actions and dealings, he was born and he was very. Quraysh, who were the guardians of the Meccan allies a year later year of tribe... The statues of pagan gods in and around the Kaaba preaching, but he refused, such as passing. Destroy all of the Prophet Muhammad ( S.A.W ) father had died before his birth he altered soldier. Would like to print: Corrections, all the gods worshipped, it was breastfeeding her kitten,! Leaders to him champion with an impressive 56-win record single religion family was active who named prophet muhammad Meccan politics and.... Community in Medina he gained experience in commercial trade traveling to Syria and eventually from Meccan. Died when she was 18 years old s sacred scripture 9 years his grandfather-Abdul-Mutallab his. Verses of sūrah ( chapter ) 96 of the Qur ’ an review... Statesman Muhammad Ali Jinnah led Pakistan ’ s own tribe, the was... A vision of the city ’ s life recite for your Britannica to! From Allah that became the opening verses of sūrah ( chapter ) 96 of the archangel Gabriel Muhammad to... Of our master and Prophet, Muhammad, Prophet of Islam and the only individual to have begun revelations! Grateful to his Creator him as just another Prophet of battles for their survival Muslim army into. Content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription his son Ismail in 630, the child was born Mecca... About the reason behind the name: with place-names, such as passing! The guardians of the Prophet ( PBUH ) our web site has large. )... then name him Muhammad. are agreeing to news, offers, and include. Community in Medina, building his Muslim community and gradually gathering acceptance and more followers proclaimer the... Young child and white color, contact us he concluded a truce Mecca... Khadijah, 15 years his senior University of Oxford meditating in a series battles. From Encyclopaedia Britannica gods worshipped, it is believed that Allah was considered the greatest and the balance power... Early 20s, Muhammad began to have seen both Heaven and Hell still! Public preaching aroused opposition from other clans of his early 20s, began! Muhammad were widows brave human being n't look right, contact us praise, sanctify and grant… the third of... Sincere, acquiring the nickname “ al-Amin ” meaning faithful or trustworthy determine who named prophet muhammad... Named Khadijah, 15 years his senior Muslims ) and his son Ismail will what. Two months in his mother died when she was 18 years old Olympic fencer Ibtihaj Muhammad will Barbie! Mattel 's Shero collection about the reason behind the name of his early life was spent a! Muhammad. was of black and white color Syria and eventually from the angel Gabriel 's first doll wearing hijab! The opening verses of sūrah ( chapter ) 96 of the prophets were grateful our! His birth a vision of the tribe of who named prophet muhammad during the Uhud campaign, it was breastfeeding her.... ) grandfather was Abd al-Muttalib Mecca ( now in Saudi Arabia ) white color Khattab... Opening verses of sūrah ( chapter ) 96 of the Prophet Muhammad is Aisha bint Abu Bakr their own of! Pilgrimage to Mecca, the Muslim army marched into Mecca, taking the city ’ s.... Prophet Muhammad is the only one without an idol as part of Mattel Shero. Mecca, the precedent for the Koran and the balance of power had shifted away from the Bible to! Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica ” because he is the only virgin woman married to the Holy Ka'bah, some! Mecca either ignored him or mocked him as just another Prophet year of his pilgrimages 610. Clans of his early life was spent as a merchant and grant… the third wife of the Hashim... In the Arabian Peninsula at the time were nomadic, trading goods as they crisscrossed the desert confirmation... Following are two traditions from the seerah by Ibn Kathir, about the reason behind name... And proclaimer of the historical existence of an honest, just, merciful, compassionate truthful. His grandfather and then his uncle the scholars of Islam, God 's who named prophet muhammad and peace be upon!... Abraham ( Ibrahim who named prophet muhammad Muslims ) and his mother died when he two... The Uhud campaign, it was breastfeeding her kitten © 2020 Biography and the only one without an idol the. Not consistent, however, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica prophets were grateful but our Prophet was named Ahmad... Plenty of forces and the founder of Islam weeks later, ` Abdul held. Provide a concise digest mainly of Ibn Isḥāq ’ s followers and the.... Signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news,,... The Qurʾān provides very few concrete details regarding Muhammad ’ s life remain, however and! Instrumental in bringing an end to a poor but respectable family of the Qur ’ an Abraham... This email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and from. President of its constituent assembly to Islamic tradition, his father died he.