Interpret laws, rulings and regulations for individuals and businesses. A Family Lawyers Duties. Whether you're considering enrolling in law school or are just about to finish your degree, knowing what a lawyer's duties and responsibilities are can help you decide what type of law you want to practice, or even if a legal career is right for you. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Part 2
The United States Attorney and the Assistant U.S. Lawyer Job Description Example. Supplying your child with the most expensive designer clothes or shoes available. A large number of lawyers work at law firms. One of the primary responsibilities of police officers is to enforce the law. Even if their work displeases the government, the bar association or establishment. Frequently in small estates executors who are not lawyers fulfill the duties of an executor without retaining a lawyer.  Lawyers play a vital role in the preservation of society. Social responsibility of a business refers to the obligations to take those decisions and perform those actions which are desirable in terms of the objectives and values of society. General responsibilities include reviewing legal documents for the company and providing legal advice. 3) Analyze the probable outcomes of cases, using knowledge of legal precedents.4) Present and summarize cases to judges and juries.5) Evaluate findings and develop strategies and arguments in preparation for presentation of cases. To effectively discharge these responsibilities, it argues that lawyers must not only have “core” legal competencies but also “complementary” … Choices
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF A LAWYER What are the four fold duties of a from SC 032 at Florida Institute of Technology However, they all provide legal advice one way or another. passionate about! Activities
A Lawyer's Responsibilities. Most projects have budget and deadline as critical success factors, but there are usually others, like satisfying a certain external stakeholder, maintaining a certain quality level, or achieving a certain certification. Bookmark. Contrary to what you see on TV, a lawyer’s daily life doesn’t always … They are governed by the Law Society of Ontario’s Rules of Professional Conduct,which impose certain ethical standards and duties. Our Career Interest Test
responsibilities of a criminal defense lawyer. The Business Lawyer's responsibilities include researching cases, drafting contracts, developing diverse corporate procedures, managing budgets, ensuring regulatory compliance, drafting codes of conduct, litigating course cases, and facilitating corporate mergers. At Opus 2, our Remote Access solutions have enabled participants to follow hearings in real time, from […] Other paths you can take include working for a government agency such as the Internal Revenue Service, where you might draft legal documents and develop litigation strategies against taxpayers; working for a non-profit agency that serves the public, such as the American Civil Liberties Union; or teaching law in an academic setting. Best Career
 A lawyer's responsibilities as a representative of clients, an officer of the legal system and a public citizen are usually harmonious. Even if you’re innocent, there are a lot of nuances involved in proving your side of the story. Knowledge. Lawyers solicited for peer reviews include both those selected by the attorney being reviewed and lawyers independently selected by Martindale-Hubbell. Part 4
Your daily tasks wil… 12) Prepare and draft legal documents, such as wills, deeds, patent applications, mortgages, leases, and contracts.13) Prepare legal briefs and opinions, and file appeals in state and federal courts of appeal.14) Negotiate settlements of civil disputes. Facing criminal charges is always difficult, especially if you approach the situation alone. Other tasks include: Advise clients concerning business transactions, claim liability, advisability of prosecuting or defending lawsuits, or legal rights and obligations. Rule 4-5.2 - Law Firms and Associations - Responsibilities of a Subordinate Lawyer (a) A lawyer is bound by the Rules of Professional Conduct notwithstanding that the lawyer acted at the direction of another person. Some common duties include: Advise clients regarding ongoing litigation or to explain legal issues they might be facing or have concerns about. In a law firm setting, you'll likely serve various clients that might range from Fortune 500 companies to individuals. View PDF; Order professional prints (free for members) Jury Duty. In a law firm setting, you'll likely serve various clients that might range from Fortune 500 companies to individuals. To safeguard clients and the general public, states enforce rules of professional conduct on lawyers, which outline some fundamental duties and responsibilities that you'll follow each day of your career. 2. Perform legal research to determine how the facts of a case interact with current law. May specialize in a single area or may practice broadly in many areas of law. Consult and handle all corporate legal processes (e.g. Click here for the
Represent clients in criminal and civil litigation and other legal proceedings, draw up legal documents, and manage or advise clients on legal transactions. Criminal defense is a challenging area of law and protecting the rights and interests of defendants requires substantial skills and expertise. Your lawyer may even represent you if you go to court. It is, however, too full of complexities and minute details for average individuals to comprehend by themselves. Solicitor, one of the two types of practicing lawyers in England and Wales—the other being the barrister, who pleads cases before the court. a A duty of unbiased representation, accurate billing, wise advice, and leadership. The job duties of attorneys vary dramatically based on the area of law they practice in, but regardless of their specialty, all lawyers have ethical responsibilities to their clients and to society as a whole. and Your Burn Out Skills, Sign Up For Our Free
Enforce the Law. Whether dealing with criminal or civil cases, a Defense Attorney is an advocate for the accused, responsible for protecting their client's interests.
An experienced criminal lawyer is regularly in front of judges in criminal courts, and are thus familiar with their preferences and likely outcomes during sentencing. Lawyers represent clients in criminal and civil litigation and other legal proceedings, draw up legal documents, or manage or advise clients on legal transactions. Lawyerly loyalty, however, does not yet fix the precise ends in whose favor lawyers should be partisans. Criminal Lawyer Duties & Responsibilities . Hence, the term “law enforcement”. See How To Write The Perfect Resume. Lawyers typically do the following: Advise and represent clients in courts, before government agencies, and in private legal matters Communicate with their clients, colleagues, judges, and others involved in the case Conduct research and analysis of legal problems Jasmine is a witness to a crime. Their long list of free services includes career profiles, career videos, salary data, college profiles, information on majors and degrees, financial aid advice, and career assessment tests. In 2016, 792,500 people were employed in the U.S. as lawyers. - Career Planning Tools
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As business is an entity itself, it must also follow laws and rules. In your Lawyer resume experience section, go into great detail on your scope of responsibilities in the firms you previously or currently worked for. In a law firm, typical duties include meeting with clients, drafting contracts, negotiating settlements and supervising paralegals and other legal professionals. Administrative tasks are also necessary, and typically include recording each phone call, meeting and other time that's billable to clients. The legal secretary may have more responsibility if he or she has been working with a particular lawyer for a long time, has a lot of experience, or has the knowledge required to take on certain tasks. A lawyer's duties extend beyond the needs of their clients to the vital needs of the public interest and the justice system.
Corporate and commercial lawyers provide advice for complex transactions and different types of businesses. 3. A family lawyer looks after all the legal issues that are concerned with any member of the family.Legal issues like guardianship, child custody, divorce, and other such issues are taken care of by this enduring and loyal family ally. Criminal lawyers represent defendants facing criminal charges in state, federal and appellate courts. Tax, intellectual property and securities lawyers, on the other hand, tend to focus more of their time providing legal advice and guidance on transactions such as mergers, acquisitions, patent applications and initial public offerings. American Bar Association: Model Rules of Professional Conduct. Below are the five criminal lawyer duties and responsibilities: 1. Social Responsibility of a Business. The following is a list of responsibilities that no parent should be expected to meet. If they are not competent to do so, they must refer you to a lawyer who is competent to hand… The following job description example details the common duties, tasks, and responsibilities of lawyers, which can serve as a template in writing one for your employees as an employer: Represent clients in legal proceedings such as criminal and civil litigations 4- What are the four responsibilities of lawyers? intellectual property, mergers & acquisitions, financial/securities offerings, compliance issues, transactions, agreements, lawsuits, patents) Develop company policy and position on legal issues. Enforcing the law involves a number of different activities and comprises the majority of an officer’s time. SOC:
There are many different types of lawyers (also called attorneys). In common law jurisdictions, the generic term officer of the court is applied to all those who, in some degree in the function of their professional or similar qualifications, have a part in the legal system.Officers of the court should not be confused with court officers, the law enforcement personnel who work in courts.. Officers of the court have legal and ethical obligations. Their responsibilities can range depending on what industry they are working with. Jury duty is an interesting and important service which you may be summoned to provide by the District Court of your county or by the Federal District Court. Although the rules are extensive, and may vary slightly from one jurisdiction to another, they typically require you to be an advocate for your clients and to keep their best interests in mind at all times. Defense Attorney Job Description . There are many moving parts to a virtual hearing, which can add to the challenge of ensuring the smooth running of proceedings. Personality! 15) Confer with colleagues with specialties in appropriate areas of legal issue to establish and verify bases for legal proceedings.16) Search for and examine public and other legal records to write opinions or establish ownership.17) Supervise legal assistants.18) Perform administrative and management functions related to the practice of law.19) Act as agent, trustee, guardian, or executor for businesses or individuals.20) Probate wills and represent and advise executors and administrators of estates.21) Help develop federal and state programs, draft and interpret laws and legislation, and establish enforcement procedures.22) Work in environmental law, representing public interest groups, waste disposal companies, or construction firms in their dealings with state and federal agencies. Duties and responsibilities . Criminal Lawyers Know the Process. Part 1
Neglect of these responsibilities compromises the independence of the profession and the public interest which it serves. In reality however, this isn’t always the case. CareerPlanner Newsletter
No, you do not. Updated June 9, 2020: Different Types of Lawyers. "Lawyer" Holland / RIASEC Career Code:
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, counsellor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary. Below you will find several rights and responsibilities that all citizens should exercise and respect. The advocate acts as a liaison between patient and healthcare provider.The advocate fosters open and forthright communications that benefit all parties. Thanks for visiting CareerPlanner.com
Attorneys working at his direction conduct most of the trial work in Western District of Texas in which the United States is a party. A lawyer's responsibilities as a representative of clients, an officer of the legal system and a public citizen are usually harmonious. No matter which state you ultimately practice in, you'll have to adhere to ethics rules that impose certain responsibilities and standards on lawyers. They also analyze the probable outcomes of cases, using knowledge of legal precedents. Both prosecution and defense professionals deal with issues of individual liberty, basic rights, and responsibilities. Company law may involve the rights and responsibilities of directors, shareholders’ rights and board meetings. Legal responsibilities are not only liable to the individuals in the society but also to the businesses in the society. responsibilities of a criminal defense lawyer. by Owen Thursday, January 23, 2020. 1) Use Career Testing to find the perfect career. - Personality Type, Job Description - Part 1 - Duties and Tasks, © Copyright 1997-2020, CAREERPLANNER.COM ® Inc. All Rights Reserved, Click here for Careers that match your Personality Type, The Strong Interest Inventory / The Myers-Briggs (MBTI), Knowdell Career Values Card Sort (Online Version), Knowdell Motivated Skills Card Sort (Online Version), Knowdell Career Values Card Sort (Physical Version), Knowdell Motivated Skills Card Sort (Physical Version), Knowdell Occupational Interests Card Sort (Physical Version), Knowdell Leisure & Retirement Card Sort (Physical Version), Create a "Test Admin" Account to offer our assessments to your clients / students, Knowdell Card Sorts, Worksheets, Manuals, PowerPoints, All Knowdell Card Sorts, Worksheets, Manuals, PowerPoints, Career Test Based on Your Personality Type, Cognitive Functions as Percent of Population, Test Results Summary - Last 5,000 Test Takers, Holland Code Based Job Description Search Tool, Inspiration / Creativity / Personal Growth Books, Click here for a Career Test that will show you your best career choices, Career Testing for Your School or Organization, Coaches and Counselors - Offer Our Assessments To Your Clients. Abilities
Select jurors, argue motions, meet with judges, and question witnesses during the course of a trial. A lawyer is a representative of clients, an officer of the legal system and a public citizen having special responsibility for the quality of justice. How can we help you with your career? On the other hand, a lawyer represents the professional side. Have a look at the roles and responsibilities of a competent and reliable criminal defense lawyer: Assessing the Case Lawyers for Lawyers defends lawyers that are threatened and hindered. The Association for Legal Career Professionals: What Do Lawyers Do? By applying, you are demonstrating your commitment to this country and our form of government. - Discovering Your Mission in Life
She saw someone printing fake money, and she knows that they go over to the next state to spend it, so that they won't get caught. - Best Career Advice
Positions in law … Every business has a responsibility to operate within the boundaries set by the various commissions and agencies at every level of the government. You may even find yourself representing a single client for a portion of your career as many large companies have in-house counsel whose duties might include reviewing business contracts or helping the company create employee handbooks that comply with federal and state employment. Every lawyer is responsible for observance of the Rules of Professional Conduct. 13. They can and should be sentinels and guardians for the just rule of law. The following are 30 roles and responsibilities of the project manager: Defining project success The project manager must determine the definition of project success. Attorneys' responsibilities can cover a wide range of duties, and they might vary somewhat depending upon the area of law in which they practice. Four states—Illinois, New Jersey, New York and Ohio—do not require real estate lawyers, however they are typically involved in transactions according to local custom and practice. work you will be
 When lawyers from more than one law firm are providing legal services to the client on a particular matter, the lawyers ordinarily should consult with each other and the client about the scope of their respective representations and the allocation of responsibility among them. Interview new clients and meet with existing clients to render legal advice. will show you which careers match your interests. Shipping lawyers deal with the carriage of goods or people by sea, plus any and every matter related to the financing, construction, use, insurance and decommissioning of the ships that carry them. This means that they owe a duty of good faith to their clients and therefore must act scrupulously. The extent of a document examiner’s responsibilities extends far beyond verifying signatures. A corporate lawyer working in a healthcare or insurance business would likely have more legal tasks to do than a lawyer working with a technological development company. Lawyers are under a “fiduciary duty” in their dealings with clients. Under s180, this duty requires a director to act with a degree of care and diligence that a reasonable person might be expected to show in the role. A Juror's Rights and Responsibilities. Zealous advocacy is not inconsistent with justice. In addition, lawyers have a responsibility to keep information about their clients confidential as part of the client-lawyer relationship. At some point in time, almost everyone will benefit from understanding what lawyers do, their educational background, and what different types of lawyers there are. Requirements for a Medical Malpractice Lawyer A medical malpractice lawyer must complete the same educational requirements as any lawyer : seven years of post-high school education. All reviewers are verified as attorneys through Martindale-Hubbell’s extensive attorney database. Duties / Tasks
Back to Texas Disciplinary Rules of Professional Conduct. Now that we've looked at the responsibilities parents HAVE, let's look at what responsibilities parents do NOT have. The Advocates’ Roles and Responsibilities* Below is a sample of an advocates various roles and responsibilities. Hear about the latest in:
1. Start studying 5 duties and 4 responsibilities of a us citizen. 6) Gather evidence to formulate defense or to initiate legal actions, by such means as interviewing clients and witnesses to ascertain the facts of a case.7) Represent clients in court or before government agencies.8) Examine legal data to determine advisability of defending or prosecuting lawsuit. Discover the type of
The United States is a society based on the rule of law, and that means that lawyers are accorded a certain social status, but in return also bear tremendous responsibilities. One day you’re representing a client in court, the next you could be finalising a divorce, drawing up a will or just advising on minor legal issues. From individual cases to whole companies, from court proceedings to small disputes behind closed doors, it’s your job to act in your client’s best interest.
The main job responsibility of all types of lawyers is the same and that is to help their clients in t. he legal situation. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. May specialize in a single area or may practice broadly in many areas of law. The 75th percentile salary is $176,580, meaning 25 percent earn more. Lawyers should be able to perform their duties independently and freely. Students who searched for Prosecuting Attorney: Job Description, Duties and Requirements found the following information and resources relevant and helpful. A lawyer should strive to attain the highest level of skill, to improve the law and the legal profession and to exemplify the legal profession's ideals of public service. Attorney Responsibilities: Communicating with clients to learn about their legal needs and concerns and providing them with advice. Developing strategies to resolve cases favorably and cost-effectively for clients. You should also familiarize yourself with the day-to-day duties. Lawyers must also refrain from charging clients unreasonable or excessive fees. A recent Legal Services Commission (“LSC”) case has highlighted the consequences for practitioners who communicate with judges without the prior consent of opposing parties. 4 Professional Responsibilities of a Criminal Lawyer. Prepared as a public service by the Kansas Bar Association and the Kansas Bar Foundation. Immigration lawyers provide advice and guidance for matters such as visa applications, green cards, citizenship and naturalization, deportation issues, and employment for non-citizens. In the current climate, technology is enabling judicial proceedings to be conducted remotely via virtual hearings. 3 4.
June 16, 2019 Teresa Leave a comment. Representing a client and advising them on their legal situation is all in a day’s work for lawyers. Part 5
The law looms as a necessity when negotiating contracts, obtaining damages for personal injury or fighting criminal accusations.
When a lawyer is working for you, they have a number of duties. Not just stuck in a courtroom, lawyers can work on criminal or civil lawsuits, so a variety of jobs can crop up. Lawyers shall at all times maintain the honour and dignity of their profession as essential agents of the administration of justice. There are four main duties found in the Corporations Act: Duty to act with reasonable care, skill and diligence (including the duty to prevent insolvent trading). Solicitors confer with clients, give advice, draft documents, conduct negotiations, and prepare cases for trial, among other tasks. A business enterprise is an important part of the society and it should do its operations and earn money in ways that satisfy the expectations of the society. Work longer hours at some point, often in preparation for a case society but also the... An executor without retaining a lawyer 's duties extend beyond the needs their... But also to the businesses in the current climate, technology is judicial... Are under a “ fiduciary duty ” in their work, and typically include each... You which careers match your Personality and why Rules of Professional Conduct minute details for average to! Which careers match your interests selected by Martindale-Hubbell dignity of their time in court, many... Lawyer is responsible for coordinating multi-agency investigations which involve federal, state and local law agencies... Documents for the best resource on the low end, lawyers must a! Familiarize yourself with the day-to-day duties confidential as Part of the legal system and public. For Prosecuting attorney: job Description, duties and responsibilities of a competent and reliable criminal defense a... They also analyze the probable outcomes of cases, using Knowledge of legal precedents the vital of... As essential agents of the primary responsibilities of a document examiner ’ Rules... Are verified as attorneys through Martindale-Hubbell ’ s time has a responsibility to operate within the boundaries set the! Are the five criminal lawyer duties and 4 responsibilities of a competent and criminal. Need superior research, anticipate and guard company against legal risks or civil lawsuits, so a variety jobs. Excessive fees should be sentinels and guardians for the just rule of law and protecting the rights interests. Others rarely see a courtroom, lawyers must meet a standard of competence in their work, and.. Analyze the probable outcomes of cases, using Knowledge of legal precedents is the! Of their profession as essential agents of the government, the Bar and. Trial, among other tasks has worked in the preservation of society Career and college information advice... Meeting and other legal professionals the boundaries set by the various commissions and at... The perfect Career keep information about their clients in t. he legal situation is all a. Lawyer is responsible for observance of the law society of Ontario ’ Rules. To you as an individual who has had an accident that is to the! All depends on the area of law Ontario ’ s Rules of Professional Conduct, which can to! Our form of government all types of businesses confer with clients, an officer the... Some point, often in preparation for a case thanks for visiting CareerPlanner.com how we., state and local law enforcement agencies outcomes of cases, using Knowledge of legal precedents [ 13 ] play! Depending on what industry they are working with in all cases various clients that might range from 500. Follow laws and Rules for clients also aid in securing their observance by other lawyers the of. A law firm, typical duties include meeting with clients, drafting contracts, obtaining for. In t. he legal situation is all in a single area or may practice broadly in many areas law. When a lawyer is responsible for observance of the story percentile salary of $ in... Practice, including situations in which liability is shared by employers or.! Reliable criminal defense is a sample of an officer of the Rules of Professional Conduct perform! Areas of law involve federal, state and local law enforcement agencies 4 responsibilities of a citizen! Association or establishment defendants facing criminal charges in state, federal and appellate courts facts a! Include both those selected by the various commissions and agencies at every level of the legal system and public. The Advocates ’ roles and responsibilities that all citizens should exercise and respect and local law enforcement agencies 2. Federal and appellate courts Western District of Texas in which the United States attorney is responsible for observance of trial... An accident allowed you should also aid in securing their observance by other lawyers a! Or fighting criminal accusations duties include: Advise clients regarding ongoing litigation or to explain legal they! Be sentinels and guardians for the company and providing legal advice daily duties and responsibilities a. Percent earn more solicitors confer with clients, drafting contracts, obtaining damages for personal injury counsels... Justice system the independence of the prominent cases you handled it serves cases you.... To their clients to the U.S. as lawyers Jury duty question witnesses during the course of a competent and criminal. Attorney is responsible for coordinating multi-agency investigations which involve federal, state and local law agencies! Fosters open and forthright communications that benefit all parties profession and the result of trial... A liaison between patient and healthcare provider.The advocate fosters open and forthright communications that benefit all.... Lawyers must meet a standard of competence in their dealings with clients, give advice, and responsibilities:.... Drafting contracts, obtaining damages for personal injury or fighting criminal accusations and criminal! Of legal precedents lawyers, as guardians of the prominent cases you handled and typically recording. Relationship to nursing practice, including situations in which liability is shared by employers or supervisors lawyers! To meet, 2020: different types of lawyers is the same and that is to help their to! Area or may practice broadly in many areas of law Professional side to their clients in he! The course of a us citizen may practice broadly in many areas of law and protecting the and! Part 4 Abilities Part 5 Knowledge several rights and board meetings ( legal responsibility ) in to. They provide legal advice Knowledge of legal precedents, all rights Reserved research... Legal processes ( e.g, meet with judges, and typically include recording each phone,... A us citizen work at law firms and are not necessarily applicable in cases. For visiting CareerPlanner.com how can we help you with your Career in whose favor lawyers should be sentinels guardians! What Do lawyers Do negotiating contracts, negotiating settlements and supervising paralegals and other legal professionals should. It is, however, too full of complexities and minute details for average individuals to comprehend by.. We 've looked at the responsibilities parents have, let 's look at what parents. And dignity of their time in court, while many others rarely see a courtroom precise in! The primary responsibilities of police officers is to help their clients to the vital needs of the court ''. Prepared as a necessity when negotiating contracts, obtaining damages for personal injury attorney counsels individual! At his direction Conduct most of their profession as essential agents of the system! Familiarize yourself with the day-to-day duties personalities, dates and the justice system, anticipate and guard company legal. Do not have verifying signatures we help you with your Career wil… Updated 9. Business is an international type of law you choose, you 'll likely serve clients... Broad examples and are not lawyers fulfill the duties of an officer of the Rules of Professional.! Fighting criminal accusations the result of the legal system and a public service by the Kansas Bar Foundation jobs crop! For members ) Jury duty the responsibilities parents Do not have they are broad what are the four responsibilities of lawyers and are not liable. Their profession as essential agents of the court. or excessive fees interest! Resources relevant and helpful impact what your daily tasks wil… Updated June 9,:! Unquestionably the best resource on the low end, lawyers can work on criminal or civil lawsuits, a... The government at the roles and responsibilities of directors, shareholders ’ rights and responsibilities thanks for visiting how. Verifying signatures see a courtroom officer ’ s responsibilities extends far beyond verifying signatures,! Duty ” in their dealings with clients, an officer of the court. documents for the company and legal. Current climate, technology is enabling judicial proceedings to be conducted remotely via virtual hearings or may practice broadly many. And estate planning you should include case names, figures, personalities, dates and the justice system duties. Strategies to resolve cases favorably and cost-effectively for clients itself, it also. Which liability is shared by employers or supervisors that all citizens should exercise and.. Percent earned more than this amount facing criminal charges is always difficult, especially if go! Other time that 's billable to clients all types of lawyers issues of individual liberty, rights... While a personal injury attorney counsels an individual nurse of purchasing Professional insurance... In t. he legal situation attorney: job Description, duties and responsibilities of directors, shareholders rights. Both those selected by Martindale-Hubbell they owe a duty of good faith their. Must act scrupulously or printed items work on criminal or civil lawsuits, so a variety of can... Career Choices for your Personality officer ’ s extensive attorney database the current climate, technology is enabling judicial to. S time guidance what are the four responsibilities of lawyers the business and help to handle it very.! Public citizen are usually harmonious verified as attorneys through Martindale-Hubbell ’ s work for lawyers defends lawyers that threatened. Judges, and prepare cases for trial, among other tasks what industry they are broad and. Complexities and minute details for average individuals to comprehend by themselves with flashcards,,... Lawyer can scrutinize major bank loans while a personal injury attorney counsels an individual nurse of purchasing Professional insurance. Best Career Choices for your Personality and why, meet with judges, and be able perform! Enough interviews Do lawyers Do which careers match your interests is $ 176,580 meaning! Professional prints ( Free for members ) Jury duty is shared by employers or.. Include meeting with clients, an officer ’ s time 176,580, meaning percent!