adjectives of the second declension (their masculine forms). It also is one of the most complicated declension systems among modern Indo-European and modern European languages.. Lithuanian declensional endings are given compared with Latvian declensional endings in the table below. adjectives of the first declension (masculine forms), adjectives of the third declension (masculine forms, palatalized sub-paradigm), all pronouns (masculine forms), except the pronoun, all passive (the main sub-paradigm) or active (the palatalized sub-paradigm) participles (masculine, - active participles have their specific nominatives), all ordinal numbers (masculine forms, adjective inflections), significant part of cardinal numbers (masculine, see the list below), The inflection of noun for singular nominative can be, The inflection in singular accusative depends on the inflection in singular nominative. Although grammatically the dual number can be applied to any word, in practice it was used quite sporadically during the last century. The noun pati has the same form as the pronoun pati 'herself; myself (feminine); itself (for feminine nouns)'. : didžio / didaus; accusative: didį (/ didų); plural masc. forms, for example, nom.-acc. [6] In lexical words, one syllable will be tonically prominent., one syllable will be tonically prominent. The verb Laukti expects a noun in the Kelmininkas form.) All weekly chart releases have aired on Saturday . Modern Lithuanian declension. nom. Count numbers from 1 to 100 in Lithuanian spelling. dat. Lithuanian nouns have five declensions which are defined by the inflection in singular nominative and genitive cases. All these cases are more like dialectal and older. Note that the -e ending for the vocative singular applies only to common nouns; proper nouns take the ending -ai. Some of the cases of the word pats are of the third adjectival declension, some – sg. Because Old Prussian has left a limited literature with not all the cases of all the stems employed, the Prussian samples are not full in the tables (the cases which existed are most probably already reconstructed from various data by linguists). The only difference in masculine and feminine nouns of this declension is between the dative singular forms. Grammar made simple. Historically these sounds were nasal: vilką < vilkan, vilkų < vilkun. gen. variants: vandens, vandenies, vandinies, vandenio, vandinio, vandnio. For the word mėnuo / mėnesis the proper form is sg. – in -ą. Latin words of this stem ends in -us in sg. An Easier Way to Learn German Declensions: READ THE ARTICLE TO UNDERSTAND HOW TO USE THIS CHART Download the All-In-One Declension Chart ‘cheat sheet’ here. Enjoy the video! If you're trying to learn Lithuanian Cases you will find some useful … Only a few borrowed words, like taksì – taxi, tabù – taboo, kupė̃ – compartment (in a train), coupé, are not subject to declension. This Latin verb conjugator tool allows you to conjugate Latin verbs. Fifth declension. But these variants are possibly also present as dialectal forms. The first column is for the words of the fifth (-uo, -ens / -ers) declension and the second for the third (-is, -ies). Table cells with the correct forms written are coloured (not white). So a word dariusi - 'who was making, who has made' can be said as darius. When these Latin endings succeeded a labial sound, their vowel was originally ŏ: equos – horse, equom; servos – slave, serf, servom. The word žmogus – man, human, historically had the nominative singular žmuo (compare Latin homō). Notes: 1. Pronominal, or definite, form of an adjective is formed by merging adjectives with third person personal pronouns: mažas 'small' + jis (is) 'he' = mažasis, maža + ji 'she' = mažoji. Lithuanian declension is quite sophisticated in a way similar to declensions in ancient Indo-European languages such as Sanskrit, Latin or Ancient Greek. Some of the words having the suffix -uonis (there are few of such words) have parallel forms in the other declensions: palikuonis, -ies (common gender) and palikuonis, -io m, palikuonė, -ės f. Such change can happen after the change of an accent place: if the word is accented on the ending -is, then the change of declension (-is, -ies > -is, -io) does not occur in speech, and if the accent moves from the ending to the stem in singular nominative, then the change of declension sometimes occurs. So the official variant of Lithuanian has eight cases; moreover, the illative case can be replaced with the locative case. The more two words, obelis. Pats (< patis) is of the third adjectival declensional type, but the singular nominative is different (-s < -is), plural nominative is -ys and the singular genitive -ies, like in nouns of the third declension. gen. is also often said pačio. Start studying Lithuanian Verbs. Consequently, the suffix is -t-in- for such adjectives. This one is not quite clear: it seems that neuter dative singular should have been the same as masculine, but it is not. Enjoy the video! ), ли́пу / lipu (Rus.). List of numbers, that don't use the a-paradigm, Noun declension inter-linguistic comparison, Naujas požiūris į lietuvių kalbos daiktavardžio linksniavimo tipus pagal natūraliosios morfologijos teoriją, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lithuanian_declension&oldid=987613224, Pages with non-English text lacking appropriate markup and no ISO hint, Pages with non-English text lacking appropriate markup from April 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2010, Articles containing Lithuanian-language text, Articles with Lithuanian-language sources (lt), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Vowel is underlined, then we replace the ο in the following chart using the inflections from the pronoun in... A-Paradigm ( the palatalized masculine lexical items ) every, who has made ' can said! Are sometimes declined mistakenly in other languages, language their vocative is the main to declension! 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