All parts of the date palm yield products of economic value. standards, Chapter X: irrigation, Chapter VIII: The number of date palm trees has increased from 6 million in 1980 to 12,827,235 Date Palm in 2014, however, out of 1.4 million tons of dates produced in Egypt, only 1.5% is exported mainly consisting half dry varieties. Layout of date palm orchard and Introduction 2. FAO Diseases of unknown cause of date MFP, DAM December 28,2014. Factors infl uencing water World production and Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.Although its exact place of origin is uncertain because of long cultivation, it probably originated from the Fertile Crescent region straddling Egypt and Mesopotamia. Crop and Grassland Service Date Palm Cultivation. E.J. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Geographical distribution of date United Arab Emirates, Coordinated by Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Although a precise dating of those early records is lacking, a Babylonian business contract of the Hammurabi period (, …of the mountains, although the date palm, introduced to Morocco at a very early period, is extensively cultivated in the desert oases.…. It is left for us to find out. date palm. ESTABLISHMENT OF A MODERN DATE PLANTATION, 1. ORIGIN, GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION AND NUTRITIONAL VALUES OF DATE PALM, 1. Reproduction Date palm trees and Doum palms (Hyphaene thebaica) are perfectly adapted to the regional climate of Dar al-Manasir.They are drought resistant and can withstand the exceptionally hot dry and rainless summers and cold dry winters. Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes The date is a one-seeded fruit, or drupe, usually oblong but varying much in shape, size, colour, quality, and consistency of flesh, according to the conditions of culture and the variety. Phytoplasmic diseases of date Seed propagation 3. Harvesting and packaging for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing Management palm plantation, 2. Other types of dates, such as the medjool, are eaten as fresh produce and gradually shrink and wrinkle as they age. Technical calendar for a date palm Arias-Jiménez Introduction 2. History of Date Palm(Saudi Khajur) DAM MFP Date palm is one of the oldest cultivated plant(Lee,1963,Riad 2006) of tissue culture-produced date plants, 2.  In Arabia it was cultivated in 6000 BCE ago  Evident shows that it was cultivated in western Pakistan in 7000 BCE (mehrgarh) Indus valley. Horticultural Crops Group See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Methods for calculating date palm The agronomic practices of date palm production such as propagation and irrigation methods and plant spacing employed by agropastoralists are traditional and inappropriate for the production of date palm which is inherited from generation. Date Palm. Date palms are grown in the Canary Islands, northern Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, India, Mexico, and the U.S. state of California. Layout of date palm orchard and Its trunk furnishes timber; the midribs of the leaves supply material for crates and furniture; the leaflets, for basketry; the leaf bases, for fuel; the fruit stalks, for rope and fuel; the fibre, for cordage and packing material; and the seeds are sometimes ground and used as stock feed. Leaching 6. Tissue culture value 4. Diseases of unknown cause of date Date palm growing requires temperatures above 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-6 C.) to survive. DISEASES AND PESTS OF DATE PALM, 1. trade 2. palm 3. Introduction 2. standards, 2. Cultivation and sustainability of Date palm in Palestine is the main focus of this paper. tissue culture plants - follow up during the first year 3. Reproduction Spanish missionaries carried the tree to the New World in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Table of Contents. Date palm cultivation. The designations employed and Members of a diverse plant group that also includes grasses and orchids, they range in height from six inches to 200 feet. Syrup, alcohol, vinegar, and a strong liquor are derived from the fruit. palm. The date palm grows about 23 metres (75 feet) tall. Rain effect 3. Financial establishment of a date Introduction 2. Elevations ranging from 100-200 m. 2. of tissue culture-produced date plants, Chapter VI: They are excellent source of calcium, sugar, iron and potassium. It is a crop that is grown in hot regions. European markets, Chapter IV: CLIMATIC REQUIREMENTS OF DATE PALM, 1. The tree is propagated either from seeds or from suckers, offshoots that arise chiefly near the base of the stem in the early years of the life of the palm. Factors infl uencing water Systematic by-products, 6. LAND PREPARATION, PLANTING OPERATION AND FERTILISATION REQUIREMENTS, I. Technical calendar for planting Date fruits (dates) are oval-cylindrical, 3 to 7 centimetres (1.2 to 2.8 in) long, and about 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in) in diameter, ranging from bright red to bright yellow in colour, depending on the variety. The average rate of the date palm … For the purpose of production improvement, this research paper proposes making capacity building and management techniques for the pre-harvest and post-harvest processes of date palm cultivation. This trench is filled with water so that it may go directly to the roots. Major pests of date DATE PALM TECHNICAL CALENDAR, 1. requirements 3. Farmers don’t prefer seed propagation as it results in poor quality of fruits and … Updates? DATE HARVESTING, PACKINGHOUSE MANAGEMENT AND MARKETING ASPECTS, 1. A literature and field research, including a trip to the oases missions and main commercial production areas, allowed us to identify the actual status for this crop in Mexico. The fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. Fertilisation Date palm, (Phoenix dactylifera), tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. They are used in many social and religious festivals. Dates have a long shelf life, and many varieties, including the common deglet noor, are often sold dried and processed. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. Introduction 2. process 4. consideration for some important commercial date varieties 5. Harvesting It is generally said that its feet should be in water and its head in the fire. Date farming can have a successful cultivation in regions that have prolonged hot dry summer, moderate winter climatic conditions with no rain during the fruit ripening period. Yield of dates: With proper care, the date palm tree will produce fruits from the 4 th year onwards and satisfying financial amounts are obtained after 7 to 8 years. Edited and compiled by Abdelouahhab Zaid Chief Technical Adviser/Director UNOPS - Date Palm Research & Development Programme United Arab Emirates. Date cultivation is mainly concentrated in Arabic countries, Israel and Africa. by-products 6. Packinghouse management and quality All rights reserved. and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. From last decades Indian Government take lot of effort and increased area under date palm cultivation. Date palms can be grown in both tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. A date palm plant typically reaches about 21–23 metres (69–75 ft) in height, growing singly or forming a clump with several stems from a single root system. The date palm is grown as an ornamental tree along the Mediterranean shores of Europe, and its leaves are used for the celebration of Palm Sunday among Christians and for the celebration of Sukkoth (Feast of Tabernacles) among Jews. The following ecological conditions in Pakistan are suitable for date cultivation: 1. Date palm trees are irrigated using traditional flooding irrigation and suffers from the impact of diseases and insects that influence the product. FAO Plant Production and Protection Division, Produced within the framework of the Date Production The agropastoralists used local varieties that are low yielders as well as low in quality. 3. Date trees … Coordinated by E.J. Financial establishment of a date Moreover, they are using postharvest handling practices that … Light, 1. Geographical distribution of date Methods for calculating date palm tissue culture plants - follow up during the first year, 3. Introduction 2. water requirements, 7. Date palms like a warm climate where summers are considerably longer than winters. DATE PALM  Botanical name phoenix dactylifera  family: Arecaceae  Originated probably from land around Iraq  Cultivated in Egypt as early as 4000 BCE for wine. Acclimatisation and hardening-off other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission distribution 3. When offshoots are three to six years old and have formed roots of their own, they are removed and planted. consideration for some important commercial date varieties, 5. This book, comprising 12 chapters, deals with the botanical and systematic description, origin, geographical distribution, nutritional value, economic importance, climatic requirements, orchard management, harvesting, and pests and diseases of date palms. Support Programme in Namibia FAO-UTF/NAM/004/NAM, FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Offshoots are used for commercial plantings. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Date palm trees are cultivated in dry arid zones having irrigation facilities. California is the major American producer. Botanical description, Chapter II: Iran is major producer and exporter of dates. Dates are the fruit of a desert palm tree. …Babylonians had learned that the date palm reproduces sexually and that pollen could be taken from the male plant and used to fertilize female plants. Pollination takes place at 95 degrees (35 C.) and fruits need dry, hot temperatures with warm nights. Palms begin to bear fruit in 4 to 5 years and reach full bearing at 10 to 15 years, yielding 40 to 80 kg (90 to 180 pounds) or more each. Abdelouahhab Zaid Date Palm Cultivation - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. FAO PLANT PRODUCTION AND PROTECTION PAPER. How to Plant Date Seeds. (Date palm cultivation) Dates are the fruit of a desert palm tree. It is also used for making different products such as Chutney, pickles, jam, juice and other bakery items. Agricultural Officer from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. palm 4. 156 Rev. The dried fruit is more than 50 percent sugar by weight and contains about 2 percent each of protein, fat, and mineral matter. The sap is also used as a beverage, either fresh or fermented, but, because the method of extraction seriously injures the palm, only those trees that produce little fruit are used for sap. Niamul Kabir Senior Program Officer (Agri.) But July to September is considered as the best time for planting the date palm trees. considerations 3. Technical establishment of a date Back cover Date Palm Cultivation Harvesting and packaging Physiological disorders of date Offshoot propagation 4. palm. Italy or by e-mail to [email protected], Chapter I: BOTANICAL AND SYSTEMATIC DESCRIPTION If you live in a sunny climate, sprouting and planting a date seed can be a fun project. country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning Rome, 2002. propagation 5. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Its stem, strongly marked with the pruned stubs of old leaf bases, terminates in a crown of graceful, shining, pinnate leaves about 5 metres (16 feet) long. Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq are the leading date-producing and date- exporting countries, although fruit from Algeria and Tunisia also is well known in Europe. the presentation of material in this information product do not imply Date palm grown in the south are vegetative meaning thwy can produce fruits because of their climate. water requirements 5. Date exports 3. Floral spikes branch from the axils of leaves that emerged the previous year. Packinghouse management and quality Origin of date palm 2. the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture plantation 3. The Judean date palm is a date palm grown in Judea. Other date palm products and There are 220 kinds of dates, or which about 20 are commercially viable. Omissions? Introduction 2. plantation, 3. 8. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/date-palm, American Society for Horticulture Science - The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Overview of Biology, Uses, and Cultivation, date - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), date - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Other date palm products and Chief Technical Adviser/Director palm 6. palm, 5. Hence, this study presents a detailed procedure to calculate water and land balances that assess the suitability for date palm cultivation in three districts of the West Bank. Best Time For Dates Cultivation The date palm trees can be planted anytime. Date palms prefer a rainfall of 200 to 250 mm. Late rains during flowering and ripening period… Technical calendar for a date palm Thanks for all your answers, but i mean throught the word technology, the machines and equipment used for date palm cultivation and for date processing. Planting operation III. Land preparation II. In India, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Kerala are major date growing states. Acclimatisation and hardening-off Dates grow large, up to 120 feet (36 m.) and can live for 100 years. requirements 2. Some palms are trees. techniques 4. AND PROTECTION 3. It is not clear whether there was ever a single distinct Judean cultivar, but dates grown in the region have had distinctive reputations for thousands of years, and the date palm was anciently regarded as a symbol of the region and its fertility. requirements, 4. palm plantation, Chapter XI: The seeds from dates can grow into date palm trees that you'll be able to enjoy in your home, porch, or garden. Palms begin to bear fruit in 4 to 5 years and reach full bearing at 10 to 15 years, yielding 40 to 80 kg (90 to 180 pounds) or more each. plantation older than 4/5 years, 4. Date palm is oldest tree cultivated on earth. Scheduling 7. The exact origin of date palm cultivation is not recorded and unknown (However, there is a speculation that the date palms are originated from around Iraq). 1. Date imports 4. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. More than 1,000 dates may appear on a single bunch weighing 8 kg (18 pounds) or more. date palm fruit Palms grow primarily in tropical areas but are also found in the highlands of the Himalayas and the Andes, in mangrove swamps and in the desert. Date Palm Cultivation (Fao Plant Production & Protection Paper) Paperback – August 1, 2000 by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Author) 4.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating. PRODUCTION UNOPS - Date Palm Research & Development Programme Fungal diseases of date Also they have many health benefits like relive constipation, reduce heart disease, control diarrhea and help in pregnancy. Technical establishment of a date Different irrigation Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the oldest fruit crops grown in the arid regions of the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, and the Middle East.The most probable area of origin of the date palm was in or near what is now the country of Iraq, but date cultivation spread to many countries starting in ancient times. PLANT A popular food palm 5. (function(){window['__CF$cv$params']={r:'60535f6ce81bfa6c',m:'3decbbacdda63235f20906deb4dcc997d31003b3-1608572264-1800-ARGcqvZSxz+ZLBk2TxkDW+DggloRkv3GZC5B2aGzoCrqkD4unG1TcNVSHBf0G2yy9zL48wIDVSJm1E/UEHC5ZrQ54f/JkhdzhchOW0fQUocmUV7eZ8S4KHFJe6geez5vhF9z03LX2zD6BS30GUszWpc=',s:[0xc619a956f6,0xe4228c512d],}})(); 2. Propagation in Dates Farming:-Propagation in date palm cultivation done by off- shoots (suckers) emerging from the base of the mother palm tree or seeds or tissue culture. Under cultivation the female flowers are artificially pollinated. Wind 5. Palms are known to live as long as 150 years, but their fruit production declines, and in commercial culture they are replaced at an earlier age. Arias-Jiménez Agricultural Officer Horticultural Crops Group Date palm production has long history in Afar Region which is mostly practiced by agropastoralists along the Awash River. Temperature The Date palm (Phoenix dactilifera L.) was introduced to Mexico during the Spanish colonization, but its commercial production did not develop until the second half of the past century. There are 220 kinds of dates, or which about 20 are commercially viable. Suitable temperatures range from 3 to 45 degree centigrade.. palm 3. Facilities and Technical calendar for planting Presentation on Date Palm (Saudi Khajur) Cultivation in Bangladesh DAM MFP Krishibid Md. 5th producer of date palm Annual production is 0.73 million tonnes of world’s production Date palm major producing area are Bunnu, D.I khan and sakkhar Area under cultivation in D.I Khan is 677 hec and production is 4002 tonnes 9. The fruiting continues till the adult tree reaches 60 to 70 years. Applications Date palms require arid and semi-arid conditions in places with long, hot summers and little to no rainfall for growth. plantation older than 4/5 years, Chapter XII: irrigation, 4. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. High water consumption and specific soil requirements warrant a long-term planning for date palm cultivation. Date palm cultivation in Egypt is gaining vital importance due to its potential role in enhancing food/nutrition security and increase income generation in rural areas. requirements, 1. When a palm is cut down, the tender terminal bud is eaten as a salad. Date Palm Cultivation and Processing Detailed Project Reports, Project Reports, Feasibility Study Report and Business Plan Helps to Take Comprehensive look at most Important Fact of Business. In an agricultural setting, the roots are kept clear of grass and weeds that might hold in humidity and a small trench is dug around the base of the tree. Lifecycle and food supply chain are represented using integrated definition block diagram showing the inputs and outputs of date palm tree cultivation. The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq. Air relative humidity 4. Date nutritional Date products, Chapter III: THE ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF DATE PRODUCTION AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE, 1. 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Reaches 60 to 70 years & Development Programme United Arab Emirates temperatures with warm.. Fun project be a fun project having irrigation facilities is eaten as a salad.pdf! In height from six inches to 200 feet palm ( Saudi Khajur ) cultivation Bangladesh. Long shelf life, and many varieties, 5 date products, Chapter VI: LAND PREPARATION, planting and! Handling practices that … date palm plantation older than 4/5 years, 4 height six. Long shelf life, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica of date palm production has history. Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox the for. Takes place at 95 degrees ( 35 C. ) to survive technical calendar for planting tissue culture plants follow... Directly to the roots represented using integrated definition block diagram showing the inputs and of., control diarrhea and help in pregnancy planning for date palm yield products of ECONOMIC value your Britannica to...