South-eastern Asia. This unique feature is where the Caryota mitis got the common name of the fishtail palm tree. Native to Thailand and Southeast Asia, the fast growing Caryota mitis has taken the landscape world by storm in the past 15 years. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118. Photo Locations: University of Florida - Miami, FL, Quail Botanical Gardens - Encinitas, CA, Huntington Botanical Gardens - San Marino, CA, Tropical Gardens of Maui and Lotusland - Santa Barbara, CA. [8], Caryota mitis has clustered stems up to 10 m (33 feet) tall and 15 cm (6 inches) in diameter. It can be used as a shrubby privacy screen or hedge. Listado comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la república de El Salvador. ex. Wiine palm (Engl.) Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Stems clustered, leaves bipinnate, leaflets or pinnules fish-tailed shaped hence the common name. Additional information regarding these descriptions is always welcome. Loureiro, João de. Clustered Fishtail Palm. Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast. Tufted fishtail palm (Engl.) Each frond sports deep-green, saw-tooth edged leaflets resembling fishtails. Caryota mitis is a fairly commonly available Caryota in California and is the only suckering species in cultivation in California though suckering Caryotas show up that don't seem to fit this species exactly. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Fruiting plant Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr Creative Commons Attribution 3.0. Flowers Inconspicuous. (eds.) Caryota griffithii Becc. Fruit colour; life form. Englera 29(2): 1–300. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. Climate Zones: Warm temperate to tropical areas. < https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/caryota-mitis >. Ceiba 44(2): 105–268. Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 9–939. https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/caryota-mitis/. Can tolerate light frosts. Nursery pot size. . ORSTOM. Photograph by: Ria Tan. Common Name: Fishtail Palm, Common Fishtail Palm, Burmese Fishtail Palm, Clustered Fishtail Palm, Rabok, Rebuk, Meridin, Dudok, Tukas, 短穗鱼尾葵, 叢立孔雀椰子. Description: This is a clustering spineless palm, which can form a tightly packed clump 4-8(-10) metres high and 4 metres across at the top with a bush-like appearance. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Description: This gentle garden palm is recognized by its clustering stems and bipinnate fronds with unusual leaflets resembling fishtails. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. It produces suckers freely. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín. Common names in English include solitary fishtail palm, kitul palm, toddy palm, wine palm, sago palm and jaggery palm. Townsville. CLUSTERED FISHTAIL PALM, FISHTAIL PALM, HAWAIIAN FISHTAIL PALM, BURMESE FISHTAIL PALM. Additional Common Names. 2012. A. Monterrosa Salomón. : Moderate Typical Height: 18'-25' DESCRIPTION. Flowers are purple, and the fruits—harmful to humans—are dark purple or red. The raphides are strong irritants that cause damage and subsequent itching upon contact with skin, and if ingested, the mouth. Caryota mitis Lour. [7] In Florida, it grows in hummocks and in disturbed wooded areas. The leaves are mid green, bipinnate and distinctively triangular, rather like a fish tail. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu. Linares, J. L. 2003 [2005]. Caryota mitis or the Fishtail Palm has a a clustering habit forming clumps up to 8 metres high. Caryota mitis - Clustered Fishtail Palm The Clustered Fishtail Palm is a multi-trunked palm tree named for bright green leaflets that resemble the tail fin of a fish. Botanical name. Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf. Caryota mitis, known as the clustering fishtail palm or fishtail palm, is a species of palm native to Tropical Asia from India to Java to southern China, now sparingly naturalized in southern Florida and in parts of Africa and Latin America. Common name. Mildly toxic if ingested. [2][3][4][5][6] The species was originally described from Vietnam in 1790. Habitat: Tropical rainforests from India through to south-east Asia. This palm forms clumps with multiple trunks, and the main shoot dies after flowering and fruiting. It tolerates shade and is also popular choice for a tall houseplant. With densely spiralling masses of cream-coloured flowers and abundant dark red fruits, Caryota mitis (the common fishtail palm) is a familiar sight at parks and forest edges in Singapore. Each trunk is approx. Campus. Plants usually form a number of stems. This is a much smaller, often multi-stemmed palm, compared to Caryota gigas. Fishtail palm, Clustering Fishtail Palm, Burmese fishtail palm. Caryota maxima, but C. maxima is a solitary, single stem palm that ultimately reaches a much greater height Native to India through Southeast Asia to Java and the Philippines Extreme care is required when handling the fruits, in which calcium oxylate crystals are found. The species was originally described from Vietnam in 1790. The Caryota Mitis originates from Southeast Asia and is also called the Pisces tail palm. Air purifying . Its leaf is used as fishing rod after trimming the branches of the leaf and drying. In the wetter tropical regions of northern Australia birds and animals appear to be spreading it into rainforests, vine thickets and along drainage lines. Scientific names: Common names: Caryota furfuracea Blume ex Mart: Bato (Tag.) Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious). The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Family Name: Arecaceae (Palmae) Synonyms: Caryota speciosa, Thuessinkia speciosa, Caryota sobolifera, Caryota javanica, Caryota nana, Caryota propinqua, Caryota furfuracea, Drymophloeus zippellii, Caryota griffithii. 1988. Caryota sabolifera Wall. Pronunciation: care-ee-OH-tuh MY-tiss . Description: This is a clustering palm, which can form a clump up to 8 metres (24 feet) high and 4 … In Florida, it grows in hummocks and in disturbed wooded areas. Caryota nana Linden: Many-stemmed fishtail palm (Engl.) Clumping fishtail palm ( Caryota mitis) is commonly cultivated in the tropical and sub-tropical parts of Australia. Common names. 1975. Caryota mitis, known as the clustering fishtail palm or fishtail palm, is a species of palm native to Tropical Asia from India to Java to southern China, now sparingly naturalized in southern Florida and in parts of Africa and Latin America. Caryota mitis. This description is based on extensive research and observations of this plant as it grows in our nurseries. The California Polytechnic State University and the Cal Poly Corporation shall not be responsible for any loss of profit, indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages arising out of the use of the data and information derived from this web site. Pet/Baby safe? This is a result of the physical structure of the raphides, and not any chemical reaction.[12]. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caryota_mitis&oldid=985234245, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 19:22. Fruit varies in colour from yellowish-green to dark red and to 1.5 cm diameter when ripe. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida i–x, 1–806. Nickname. Yellow, Red; palm. [11], The fruit of C. mitis is saturated with raphides, sharp, needle-shaped crystals of calcium oxalate. Common Name: Clustering Fishtail Palm . 2011. If you live in a warm climate such as in Florida or the southern West Coast, the Fishtail Palm tree will be a perfect addition to your home or garden. Description. [7][9][10], Cultivated mainly as an ornament plant in Cambodia, where it is named tunsaé töch, traditional healers burn the heaps of felted hairs from the leaves' axils to treat ill limbs of patients. Cite this tree: Fishtail Palm Tree Info It tolerates heavy shade and is often used in interior plantings in commercial buildings. Caryota L. – fishtail palm Species: Caryota mitis Lour. Common Names: Clustering Fishtail Palm. Photograph by: Ria Tan. Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr. Caryota mitis is easily distinguished by its gracefully arching exotic foliage. Molina Rosito, A. CLUSTERED FISHTAIL PALM, FISHTAIL PALM, HAWAIIAN FISHTAIL PALM, BURMESE FISHTAIL PALM. Common names Burmese fishtail palm, clustering fishtail palm, Rabok/Tukas (Malay}. Native to Southeast Asia. Caryota mitis has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 1 (Evaluate) and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/caryota-mitis/. Tree Characteristics List of Vascular Plants of Gabon with Synonymy, Herbier National du Gabon, Yaounde. Mart. "Caryota mitis Tree Record." Parte 2: Angiospermae – Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. 1790. L. Arecaceae + Synonyms. Place in the world where this species spontaneously appears. This palm is cold hardy down to 15F and can be grown in states like Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, Oregon and Texas. For this reason, C. mitis is often planted as an ornamental palm in … This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. Common Name: Fishtail Scientific Name: Caryota mitis Zone: 10A-11 Growth Rate: Moderate Origin: Southeast Asia Salt Tolerance: Low Drought Tol. Clustering fishtal palm (Engl.) SelecTree. Evergreen, indoor. Frequency in gardens. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Fishtail Palm Tree – Caryota mitis The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. Plant type. – Burmese fishtail palm This palm is cold hardy down to 15F and can be grown in states like Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, Oregon and Texas. The plant owes its name to the beautifully shaped leaves that resemble the tail of a fish. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. Ripening fruit Photograph by: Dick Culbert Makes a unique accent plant for any interior. Its triangular leaflets are unique, and over time naturally split at the ends -- just like a fish tail. Caryota mitis. The distinctive Fishtail Palm has leaves that resemble the tail of a fish, which makes it popular with the rare plant-loving angler. Close-up of the inflorescence. 150mm across and produces flowers for several seasons, starting from the top and moving downwards. It’s often planted as a shrubby hedging border and in outdoor container plantings. Fortunately, as the common name of C. mitis suggests, the “Clustering Fishtail Palm” frequently grow in clusters of stems rather than solitary stems and only the flowering stem dies after fruiting (figure 3, left, below). Dec 21, 2020. Scientific name: Caryota mitis Pronunciation: kair-ee-OH-tuh MIT-iss Common name(s): Fishtail palm Family: Arecaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to southeast Asia UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: caution, may be recommended but manage to prevent escape (South); not considered a problem species at this time, may be recommended (North, Central) Uses: indoors; specimen; deck or patio; container or planter; screen In nature the Caryota can grow up to 8 meters high, as a houseplant it usually does not grow higher than 2.50 meters. For this reason, C. mitis is often planted as an ornamental palm in … Common Name: Fishtail Palm ... Leaves are identifiable by their fishtail shape, hence the common name. * No warranties or guarantees as to the accuracy of the data and information derived from this web site are expressed or implied. Fishtail Palm Tree The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. Fishtail palm. It is one of the sugar palms. Common Name: Burmese Fishtail Palm. Local names used for this palm. Botanical Name: Caryota mitis. Family: Arecaceae. Leaves can be up to 3 m (10 feet) long. Fishtail palm tree gets its common name from the ragged-edged, ribbed texture of the dark-green leaflets that grow on upright stems. Origin. Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. Common Name: Jaggary Palm. As its name suggests, the common fishtail palm can be easily identified with its iconic leaflets that resemble the tail of a fish. Black or Mostly Blue Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches). Common Name (s): Leaves 6 1/2-13' long, bipinnate Pinnules resemble fish tails: asymmetrical, incised Pugahan (Tag.) Photograph by: Ria Tan. Resistant to Texas Root Rot. Although each stem is monocarpic and dies after its fruit matures, the plant is long-lived because every stem is replaced by new basal shoots. Scientific Name: Caryota mitis Common Name: Fishtail Palm Full Grown: May reach over 16 feet in warmer regions. Susceptible to Scales and Spider Mites. Caryota mitis Lour. Yes. Caryota urens. According to Monier-Williams, it is called moha-karin ("delusion maker") in Sanskrit. 32cm Caryota mitis has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 1 (Evaluate) and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/caryota-mitis/. Trunks: About 15 cm across, slender, light green/grayish colour with quite widely spaced leaf nodes. Fortunately, as the common name of C. mitis suggests, the “Clustering Fishtail Palm” frequently grow in clusters of stems rather than solitary stems and only the flowering stem dies after fruiting (figure 3, left, below). It is the most widely grown of the Caryota genus. 1995-2020. Inflorescence. Caryota mitis. Common Name: Fishtail Scientific Name: Caryota mitis Zone: 10A-11 Growth Rate: Moderate Origin: Southeast Asia Salt Tolerance: Low Drought Tol. Flora Cochinchinensis 2: 569–570. Native to Southeast Asia, it is a reliable and hardy indoor plant, that can reach a mature height of 35-40 feet, with a canopy of 20-feet-wide. Plant height (including pot) 140-150cm. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Leaves Bipinnately Compound, Light Green, No Change, Evergreen. Caryota mitis Lour. Fruiting plant Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr Creative Commons Attribution 3.0. Caryota propinqua Blume ex Mart. Fishtail Palm Tree Profile Inflorescence. Warranties or guarantees as to the Vascular Plants of Gabon with Synonymy, Herbier National Gabon. 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